Colin Mills, compiler of the Hortus Camdenensis, died in late November 2012 after a short illness. As he always considered the Hortus his legacy, it is his family's intention to keep the site running in perpetuity. It will not, however, be updated in the near future.

Heterophragma quadriloculare K.Schum.

Deciduous tree with brown bark, compound leaves, to 60cm long, crowded near the end of branches, each leaf with 3-5 pairs of leaflets, and a terminal leaflet, and terminal, velvety panicles of white flowers with a rosy tinge, to 6cm across, the five petals rounded with crinkled margins, followed by fruit to 30 cm long.  To 15m.  [].

Horticultural & Botanical History

‘This is a large tree, a native of the Cicar mountains; flowers during the beginning of the hot season.  the wood is employed for many purposes by the natives.’ [Roxburgh vol.2, p.24, t.145/1795-1819]. Introduced to Britain in 1820.  [JD].

History at Camden Park

Bignonia roxburghii was included in a consignment of plants sent from Kew by John Bidwill in November 1843 [AJCP].  Although it is very likely that these plants were sent to Camden to the care of William Macarthur there is no other evidence of its being grown there.  


I have found no reference to a plant named Bignonia roxburghii but Heterophragma quadriloculare K.Schum. seems a likely identification.

Published Apr 01, 2010 - 03:16 PM | Last updated Apr 01, 2010 - 03:20 PM

Figured are pinnate leaves, terminal spike of pink flowers and large seed pod.  Roxburgh vol.2, t.145/1795-1819.

Heterophragma quadriloculare K.Schum. | Roxburgh vol.2, t.145/1795-1819 as Bignonia quadrilocularis | BHL

Family Bignoniaceae
Region of origin


  • Bignonia quadrilocularis Roxb.
  • Heterophragma roxburghii DC.
  • Spathodea roxburghii Spreng.
Common Name


Name in the Camden Park Record

Bignonia roxburghii 

Confidence level low