Heterophragma quadriloculare K.Schum.

Deciduous tree with brown bark, compound leaves, to 60cm long, crowded near the end of branches, each leaf with 3-5 pairs of leaflets, and a terminal leaflet, and terminal, velvety panicles of white flowers with a rosy tinge, to 6cm across, the five petals rounded with crinkled margins, followed by fruit to 30 cm long.  To 15m.  [www.flowersofindia.net].

Horticultural & Botanical History

‘This is a large tree, a native of the Cicar mountains; flowers during the beginning of the hot season.  the wood is employed for many purposes by the natives.’ [Roxburgh vol.2, p.24, t.145/1795-1819]. Introduced to Britain in 1820.  [JD].

History at Camden Park

Bignonia roxburghii was included in a consignment of plants sent from Kew by John Bidwill in November 1843 [AJCP].  Although it is very likely that these plants were sent to Camden to the care of William Macarthur there is no other evidence of its being grown there.  


I have found no reference to a plant named Bignonia roxburghii but Heterophragma quadriloculare K.Schum. seems a likely identification.

Published Apr 01, 2010 - 03:16 PM | Last updated Apr 01, 2010 - 03:20 PM

Figured are pinnate leaves, terminal spike of pink flowers and large seed pod.  Roxburgh vol.2, t.145/1795-1819.

Heterophragma quadriloculare K.Schum. | Roxburgh vol.2, t.145/1795-1819 as Bignonia quadrilocularis | BHL

More details about Heterophragma quadriloculare K.Schum.
Family Bignoniaceae
Region of origin


  • Bignonia quadrilocularis Roxb.
  • Heterophragma roxburghii DC.
  • Spathodea roxburghii Spreng.
Common Name


Name in the Camden Park Record

Bignonia roxburghii 

Confidence level low