Colin Mills, compiler of the Hortus Camdenensis, died in late November 2012 after a short illness. As he always considered the Hortus his legacy, it is his family's intention to keep the site running in perpetuity. It will not, however, be updated in the near future.

Ulmus procera Salisb.

Fully hardy, large, broadly upright, deciduous tree with ovate, toothed leaves, to 10cm long, turning yellow in autumn, and tiny red flowers in spring, followed by winged green fruit, to 1.5cm across, rarely produced.  It spreads mainly through suckers.  To 40m.  [RHSE, Hortus, Hilliers’].

Horticultural & Botanical History

An ancient plant of parks and gardens in Europe.  This species is not suited to the Camden climate and rarely thrives.  ‘U. campestris, L.  The Common Elm of Europe.  It extends to North Africa.  See t.232 of Bentley and Trimen’s “Medicinal Plants.”  The Common Elm does very well in Melbourne and Adelaide; it succeeds far less in Sydney.  In Europe it is very abundant, being used both in parks and for street and avenue planting. The timber of the Elm is tough, and remarkably durable under water.  It was formerly employed in making water-pipes before these were superseded by iron ones.  Coffins are commonly made of it in Europe.  The dried inner bark is official in the British Pharmacopaeia, possessing mild astringent tonic and demulcent properties.’  [Agricultural Gazette of NSW p.782/1908].  This article is accompanied by two photographs of young English elms growing at the State nursery at Campbelltown, a few kilometers from Camden.

Figured in Saint-Hilaire Arb. pl.50/1824.

History at Camden Park

Listed in all published catalogues but no longer present in the gardens [T.978/1843].


Published Feb 28, 2010 - 02:34 PM | Last updated Aug 01, 2010 - 03:03 PM

Figured are toothed, ovate leaves, tiny flowers and winged fruits.  Saint-Hilaire Arb. pl.50, 1824.

Ulmus procera Salisb. | Saint-Hilaire Arb. pl.50/1824 | BHL

Family Ulmaceae
Region of origin

England, Europe to north Africa

  • Ulmus campestris L. 
Common Name

English elm, Common elm

Name in the Camden Park Record

Ulmus campestris - English elm 

Confidence level high