Colin Mills, compiler of the Hortus Camdenensis, died in late November 2012 after a short illness. As he always considered the Hortus his legacy, it is his family's intention to keep the site running in perpetuity. It will not, however, be updated in the near future.

Eugenia uniflora L.

Frost-tender shrub or small tree with ovate-lance-shaped leaves, to 10cm, and solitary, fragrant white flowers, usually at the base of young shoots, followed by edible red to black fruits, 3cm across.  To 7m.  [RHSD, Hortus].

Horticultural & Botanical History

There are many commercial varieties.  Probably first cultivated in Britain in 1759 by Phillip Miller.  ‘The Plinia pedunculata, in its foliage and flowers, bears a great resemblance to some varieties of the Myrtle, of which genus Linnaeus, following others, at first made it a species; on this account it may be regarded, in a certain degree, as an ornamental plant, it is moreover a very rare one: its flowers yield a considerable fragrance, much like that of the Orange blossom.  It is a native of the Brazils, and also of Jamaica, according to Dr. Brown, and others: was cultivated here by Mr. Miller, in 1759.  Our drawing was made January 18, 1799, from a plant in the tan stove of the Apothecaries Garden at Chelsea, which has been there a great number of years, and is now become a small tree, covered every year with a profusion of blossoms, which in some seasons have been followed by fruit.’  [BM t.473/1800].

History at Camden Park

Listed only in the 1857 catalogue [T.443/1857].  Several mature specimens grow in the gardens today, probably from the original planting.


Recorded as a weed in coastal Queensland but not in NSW.

Eugenia uniflora O.Berg (c.1898) = Eugenia lineatifolia Mattos, syn. Eugenia bergii Nied.

Published Jan 17, 2010 - 03:24 PM | Last updated Mar 29, 2010 - 03:43 PM

Figured are ovate-lance-shaped leaves and solitary white flowers at the base of shoots.  Curtis's Botanic Magazine t.473, 1800.

Eugenia uniflora L. | BM t.473/1800 | BHL

Family Myrtaceae
Region of origin

South America

  • Stenocalyx uniflorus (L.) Kausel
  • Plinia pedunculata L.f. 
Common Name

Pitanga, Surinam cherry, Brazilian cherry

Name in the Camden Park Record

Eugenia uniflora

Confidence level high