Eugenia uniflora L.

Frost-tender shrub or small tree with ovate-lance-shaped leaves, to 10cm, and solitary, fragrant white flowers, usually at the base of young shoots, followed by edible red to black fruits, 3cm across.  To 7m.  [RHSD, Hortus].

Horticultural & Botanical History

There are many commercial varieties.  Probably first cultivated in Britain in 1759 by Phillip Miller.  ‘The Plinia pedunculata, in its foliage and flowers, bears a great resemblance to some varieties of the Myrtle, of which genus Linnaeus, following others, at first made it a species; on this account it may be regarded, in a certain degree, as an ornamental plant, it is moreover a very rare one: its flowers yield a considerable fragrance, much like that of the Orange blossom.  It is a native of the Brazils, and also of Jamaica, according to Dr. Brown, and others: was cultivated here by Mr. Miller, in 1759.  Our drawing was made January 18, 1799, from a plant in the tan stove of the Apothecaries Garden at Chelsea, which has been there a great number of years, and is now become a small tree, covered every year with a profusion of blossoms, which in some seasons have been followed by fruit.’  [BM t.473/1800].

History at Camden Park

Listed only in the 1857 catalogue [T.443/1857].  Several mature specimens grow in the gardens today, probably from the original planting.


Recorded as a weed in coastal Queensland but not in NSW.

Eugenia uniflora O.Berg (c.1898) = Eugenia lineatifolia Mattos, syn. Eugenia bergii Nied.

Published Jan 17, 2010 - 03:24 PM | Last updated Mar 29, 2010 - 03:43 PM

Figured are ovate-lance-shaped leaves and solitary white flowers at the base of shoots.  Curtis's Botanic Magazine t.473, 1800.

Eugenia uniflora L. | BM t.473/1800 | BHL

More details about Eugenia uniflora L.
Family Myrtaceae
Region of origin

South America

  • Stenocalyx uniflorus (L.) Kausel
  • Plinia pedunculata L.f. 
Common Name

Pitanga, Surinam cherry, Brazilian cherry

Name in the Camden Park Record

Eugenia uniflora

Confidence level high