Colin Mills, compiler of the Hortus Camdenensis, died in late November 2012 after a short illness. As he always considered the Hortus his legacy, it is his family's intention to keep the site running in perpetuity. It will not, however, be updated in the near future.

Adenanthera pavonina L.

Frost tender shrub with 2-pinnate leaves, with oval, hairless leaflets, and long racemes of mixed white and yellow flowers.  To 1.5m.  [RHSD, Hortus].

Horticultural & Botanical History

‘Found in various forests over most parts of India.  It grows to be a very large tree with an erect trunk, and when old, dark-coloured scabrous bark; while young, smooth.  The interior wood of large trees is of a deep red colour, very hard and durable.’  [Roxburgh FI p.370].  Introduced to Britain in 1759. [JD].  The red, lens-shaped seeds, known as Barricari seeds or Circassian seeds, are used for ornaments.  [Hortus].

History at Camden Park

Probably short-lived in the gardens as it is only listed in the 1850 catalogue.


Published Nov 21, 2009 - 04:22 PM | Last updated Jul 18, 2010 - 04:39 PM

Family Fabaceae
Region of origin

India, South East Asia and Islands

Common Name

Peacock Flower Fence, Red Sandalwood Tree

Name in the Camden Park Record

Adenanthera pavonia 

Confidence level high