Colin Mills, compiler of the Hortus Camdenensis, died in late November 2012 after a short illness. As he always considered the Hortus his legacy, it is his family's intention to keep the site running in perpetuity. It will not, however, be updated in the near future.

Pyrus communis ‘Gansell’s Bergamot’

‘Fruit ovate, very much flattened at the crown, of a very regular figure, quite destitute of angles, about three inches deep, and three inches and a half in diameter. Eye small, with a very short calyx. Stalk short and fleshy, thickening on the back of its bent part. Skin dull brown, like that of the Brown Beurre, a little marked with dashes of a deeper colour. Flesh white, melting, very sweet, rich, and high flavoured. Ripe the middle of November, and will keep good a month.’ [George Lindley – Orchard Guide p.380/1831].



Horticultural & Botanical History

‘Gansell’s Bergamot’ was said to have been raised from the ‘Autumn Bergamot’ by Lieut. General Gansel at Donneland Park, Colchester in 1768, although George Lindley considered it to be identical to the ‘Bonne Rouge’ pear of France. [PM t.35/1828, George Lindley – Orchard Guide p.380/1831].

‘A dessert pear of the highest merit when well ripened.’ [HP pl.LIII/1878]. Also figured in Jardin Fruitier du Muséum [JFM vol.3/1860]. 



History at Camden Park

Listed in the 1845, 1850 and 1857 catalogues [Pear no.10/1845]. There is no diary entry for this pear, but see Pear no.8, ‘Summer Bergamot’




Published May 17, 2010 - 03:41 PM | Last updated Jul 22, 2011 - 04:39 PM

The pear figured is ovate, flattened at the crown, with yellow, red-flushed skin. Pomological Magazine t.35, 1828.

Pear ‘Gansell’s Bergamot’ | PM t.35/1828 | BHL


Family Rosaceae
Region of origin

Garden origin, England

  • Bonne Rouge
  • Brocas’ Bergamot
  • Diamont
  • Gurles’s Beurré
  • Ive’s Beurré
  • Staunton
  • Doyenné Roux
  • Doyenné d’Autome
  • and others.


Common Name

Dessert Pear, late autumn till early winter

Name in the Camden Park Record

Gansell’s Bergamot 



Confidence level high