Colin Mills, compiler of the Hortus Camdenensis, died in late November 2012 after a short illness. As he always considered the Hortus his legacy, it is his family's intention to keep the site running in perpetuity. It will not, however, be updated in the near future.

Prunus domestica ‘Belle de Septembre’

A Prunus domestica L. cultivar. ‘Fruit large, roundish-oval, marked with a shallow suture. Skin thin, violet-red, thickly covered with yellow dots, and a thin blue bloom. Stalk half an inch long, slender, inserted in a shallow cavity. Flesh yellowish-white, firm, juicy, sweet, and aromatic. Shoots downy. A first-rate plum for cooking or preserving; it furnishes a fine crimson juice or syrup. Ripe in the beginning and middle of October.’ [Hogg – Fruit Manual p.231/1860].



Horticultural & Botanical History

‘Belle is an unusually large, handsome plum but unfortunately is not of very high quality. It is much like Pond but is brighter red, a little smaller, less necked, the stem is shorter, the apex more blunt and it is more of a clingstone. European authorities say that Belle is second to none for culinary purposes and its handsome appearance gives it value across the seas as a dessert plum. […] Belle came from Brussels, Belgium, and was propagated by the famous horticulturist, Van Mons. Nothing further is known of its origin.’ [Plums of New York p.158].

‘This proves to be a useful variety. It is large, oval, of a bright red colour. In England it does not ripen till the middle of October, and it is very hardy, excellent kitchen fruit.’ [Gard. Chron. 1854].



History at Camden Park

Listed in Addenda to the 1857 catalogue as ‘Belle de Septembre’ [Plum no.18/1857].




Published May 27, 2010 - 03:38 PM | Last updated Jul 21, 2011 - 05:16 PM

Figured is a shoot with ovate, toothed leave, 3 red skinned plums, a sectioned plum and stones. Plums of New York p.158, 1911.

Prunus domestica ‘Belle de Septembre’ | Plums of New York p.158/1911, as 'Belle' | BHL


Family Rosaceae
Region of origin

Garden origin, Belgium

  • Belle
  • Autumn Beauty
  • Lawrence Early
  • Gros Rouge de Septembre
  • Reine-Claude Rouge de Septembre
  • Reine-Claude Rouge de Van Mons
  • Reina Nova
  • Rote Claude
  • Van Mons Red Gage
  • and others, similar


Common Name

Culinary Plum, autumn

Name in the Camden Park Record

Belle de Septembre 



Confidence level high