Colin Mills, compiler of the Hortus Camdenensis, died in late November 2012 after a short illness. As he always considered the Hortus his legacy, it is his family's intention to keep the site running in perpetuity. It will not, however, be updated in the near future.

Passiflora alata C.Curtis

Frost-tender, robust climber with sparsely-branched, 4-winged stems, broadly ovate, often toothed leaves, to 15cm long, and nodding, fragrant, bowl-shaped, carmine-red flowers in spring and summer, with purple, red and white marked coronas, followed by ovoid yellow fruit, to 15cm long.  To 6m or more.  [RHSE, Hortus].

Horticultural & Botanical History

‘This splendid plant is a native of the West Indies: it was introduced in 1772, and flowers during the greater part of the summer.  It is a fine climber for a stove, which it will not fail to adorn, as well as perfume, with its beautiful and frequent flowers.  They last only one day, but are renewed in a continued and very abundant succession.’  [LBC no.246, 1818].  ‘This species of Passion-flower is one of those which have been introduced into the English gardens since the time of Miller; if it does not equal the caerulea in elegance, it excels it in magnificence, in brilliancy of colour, and in fragrance, the blossoms being highly odoriferous: as yet, it is by no means so general in this country, as its extraordinary beauty merits, we have seen it flower this year, both Summer and Autumn, in great perfection in the stove of our very worthy friend James Vere, Esq. Kensington-Gore; at the Physic Garden, Chelsea; and at Mr. Malcolm’s, Kennington; at Chelsea, in particular, it afforded the richest assemblage of foliage and flowers we ever saw.  It appears to the greatest advantage, when trained up an upright pole, nearly to the height of the back of the stove, and then suffered to run along horizontally.  By some it has been considered as a variety only of the Passiflora quadrangularis, others, with whom we agree in opinion, have no doubt of its being a very distinct species; it differs from the quadrangularis, in having leaves more perfectly heart-shaped, and less veiny; in having four glands on the footstalks of the leaves, instead of six; and in not producing fruit with us, which the quadrangularis has been known frequently to do.  The Nurserymen report, that this species was first raised in this country, by a gentleman in Hertfordshire, from West-India seeds.’  [BM t.66/1788].  

History at Camden Park

Listed in all published catalogues [T.716/1843].


Published Feb 18, 2009 - 02:46 PM | Last updated Jul 29, 2010 - 02:08 PM

This passionflower has ovate leaves and nodding, bowl-shaped, carmine-red flowers.  Curtis's Botanical Magazine t.66, 1788.

Passiflora alata C.Curtis | BM t.66/1788 | BHL

Family Passifloraceae
Region of origin

South America and the Caribbean

Common Name

Maracuja de refresco, Winged-stem passionflower

Name in the Camden Park Record

Passiflora alata 

Confidence level high