Colin Mills, compiler of the Hortus Camdenensis, died in late November 2012 after a short illness. As he always considered the Hortus his legacy, it is his family's intention to keep the site running in perpetuity. It will not, however, be updated in the near future.

Gardenia resinifera Roth.

Frost-tender, unarmed shrub or small tree with shiny, oblong leaves with resinous buds and solitary, almost terminal, large, pure white, fragrant flowers.  [Don].

Horticultural & Botanical History

‘A native of Chittagong and various other parts of India.  It is in flower and fruit the greater part of the year.’ [Roxburgh FI vol.i, p.707/1832].  Figured in Wight vol.2, plate 575/1843.

‘Weight, 39 Ibs. per cubic foot.  Wood useful for turning; it is made into combs.  It gives a gum resin from wounds in the bark.  This gum is hard, opaque, yellow, greenish or brown, with a strong smell, and is used in the treatment of cutaneous diseases and to keep off flies and worms.’  [Gamble – A Manual of Indian Timbers p.228/1881].

First cultivated in Europe in 1819.  [JD].

History at Camden Park

Listed in the 1850 and 1857 catalogues [T.507/1850].  It was requested of Kew Gardens on 1st February, 1849 [MP A2933-1, p.177] and of John Lindley on the same date [MP A2933-1, p.182a].  Either could be the source.


Published Feb 08, 2010 - 10:11 AM | Last updated Jul 31, 2010 - 02:58 PM

The line drawing shows oblong-lanceolate leaves, single flower and details of flower parts.  Wight pl.575, 1843.

Gardenia resinifera Roth. | Wight vol.2, plate 575/1843 as Gardenia lucida | BHL

Family Rubiaceae
Region of origin


  • Gardenia lucida Roxb.
Common Name

Brilliant gardenia

Name in the Camden Park Record

Gardenia lucida 

Confidence level high