Colin Mills, compiler of the Hortus Camdenensis, died in late November 2012 after a short illness. As he always considered the Hortus his legacy, it is his family's intention to keep the site running in perpetuity. It will not, however, be updated in the near future.

Dracocephalum moldavica L.

Fully hardy, erect, bushy annual with aromatic, triangular, toothed leaves, to 4cm long, and slender spike-like racemes of whorled, 2-lipped, violet-blue to purple, sometimes white flowers, to 2.5cm long, in summer.  To 60cm.  [RHSE, Hortus].

Horticultural & Botanical History

‘This is a medical plant much used by the Mexicans and sold in the market at Colima. It is probably cultivated in the gardens, but it was not seen by Dr. Palmer in any of his excursions.’ [Contributions from the U.S National Herbarium vol.1, p.351/1890-95]. The leaves and seeds have a number of medicinal uses and the leaves can be used as a tea.

Introduced to Britain by 1596 [PD], grown in the garden of John Gerard under the name Melilotus Turcica, the Turkie Balme.  Don.

History at Camden Park

Listed in the 1845, 1850 and 1857 catalogues [H.120/1845].


I have found no reference to a plant named Lallemantia Moldavica but Lallemantia is a genus in the family Lamiaceae.

Published Feb 08, 2009 - 04:56 PM | Last updated Mar 22, 2010 - 02:57 PM

Family Lamiaceae
Region of origin

Eastern Europe to China


Moldavica moldavica Britton

Common Name

Dragon’s head

Name in the Camden Park Record

Lallemantia Moldavica 

Confidence level medium