Rhododendron indicum ‘Coccineum’

Probably a cultivar of Rhododendron indicum Sweet, it is a low, spreading shrub with large, late flowering, single, scarlet-red flowers.  [Millais].  A. indica coccinea superba is listed as a good garden variety by later editions of Paxton's Dictionary, but indica coccinea is not included. 

Horticultural & Botanical History

For more information on Indica Azaleas see Rhododendron indicum Sweet.

History at Camden Park

Listed in the 1850 and 1857 catalogues [T.107/1850].  Azalea indica coccinea is listed in the 1836 edition of Loddiges’ Nursery catalogue, a copy of which is held at Camden Park [CPA].  This is the likely source.


Galle describes a variety ‘Coccinea’, synonym ‘Amoena coccinea’, introduced by Robert Fortune from Shanghai about 1850.  A sport of amoena it has vivid red hose-in-hose flowers, and tends to revert to the single amoena form.  It is not likely to be Macarthur’s plant.

Published Jun 05, 2009 - 05:16 PM | Last updated Sep 12, 2011 - 04:35 PM

More details about Rhododendron indicum ‘Coccineum’
Family Ericaceae
Region of origin

China or Japan, this variety of garden origin, possibly England or Belgium

  • Azalea indica L. splendens


Common Name

Indica Azalea

Name in the Camden Park Record

Azalea Indica coccinea 

Confidence level medium