Colin Mills, compiler of the Hortus Camdenensis, died in late November 2012 after a short illness. As he always considered the Hortus his legacy, it is his family's intention to keep the site running in perpetuity. It will not, however, be updated in the near future.

Pinus sylvestris L.

Large pine with peeling bark, leaves in pairs and solitary, and variable cones, solitary or in clusters of 2 or 3, to 8cm long.  To 40m.  There are many varieties.  [RHSD, Hortus, Hilliers’].

Horticultural & Botanical History

Ancient garden plant.  Grown by John Gerard as ‘Pinaster, the Wilde Pine tree’ by 1596.  ‘The wild pine.  Pinus sylvestris.  This pine grows near as tall as the former [Pinus sativa], its leaves are much shorter and slenderer, especially on the bottom of the branches, the catkins & cones smaller and sharper; but much of the same colours.  It grows in great plenty in Germany, & flowers much about ye time with the other.  From this tree comes the common Turpentine, chiefly used by the Ferriers; from which is distill’d the oil of Turpentine and the spirit; the dregs that are left at the bottom of the still is the common Rosin.  Mr. Dale affirms from Doctor Kreig that ye Burgundy pitch is made of Turpentine from this tree.  The curious may consult Mr. Miller; the Apothecary Botanicum Officinale p.347 where there is a beautiful account of this tree.’  [Blackwell p.190/1737].  English Botany vol.8, pl.MCCCLXXX/1868.

History at Camden Park

Pinus sylvestris is marked with a ‘c’ in an 1836 edition of Loddiges’ Nursery catalogue held at Camden Park [CPA].  In William Macarthur’s code, used and explained elsewhere, this means grown at Camden.  It is almost certain that it was grown in the gardens around this time but may have been short lived as it did not appear in the catalogues.


Pinus sylvestris Herb. (1790) = Pinus merkusii Jungh. & de Vriese

Pinus sylvestris Lour (1790) = Pinus massoniana Lamb.

Pinus sylvestris Mill (1768) = Pinus pinaster Ait. which see

Pinus sylvestris Gouan (1764) = Pinus halepensis Mill. which see

Pinus sylvestris Baung. (1816) = Pinus laricio Poir.

Pinus sylvestris Thunb. (1784) = Pinus thunbergii Parl.

Published Aug 11, 2009 - 05:08 PM | Last updated Jul 29, 2010 - 03:25 PM

Illustrated are leaves, male cones and ripe female cones.  Blackwell p.190, 1737.

Pinus sylvestris L. | Blackwell p.190/1737 | BHL

Family Pinaceae
Region of origin

Europe including Britain, North Asia

Common Name

Scots pine, Scotch fir

Name in the Camden Park Record

Pinus sylvestris 

Confidence level high