Colin Mills, compiler of the Hortus Camdenensis, died in late November 2012 after a short illness. As he always considered the Hortus his legacy, it is his family's intention to keep the site running in perpetuity. It will not, however, be updated in the near future.

Pinus roxburghii Sarg.

Frost-hardy, very variable evergreen tree with light green leaves, to 33cm long, borne in threes, and ovoid cones, to 20cm long.  To 50m, but often restricted to about 10m in gardens.  [RHSD, Hortus, Hilliers’].

Horticultural & Botanical History

Introduced to Europe in 1801.  [JD].  Leaves, cone and seeds are figured in Die Coniferen.  [Die Coniferen t.IX/1840-41].  A young specimen growing at the Government nursery ar Campbelltown is figured in the Agricultural Gazette of NSW.  [March 2nd, p.180/1908].

History at Camden Park

Listed in all published catalogues [C.64/1843].  Macarthur’s Pinus longifolia is likely to be Pinus rhoxburghii as two very large, magnificent specimens survive in the gardens.


Pinus longifolia Salisb. (1796) = Pinus palustris Mill., which see.

Pinus longifolia Roezl ex Hemsll. (1882) = Pinus hartwegii Lindl.

Published Jul 20, 2009 - 05:00 PM | Last updated Jul 29, 2010 - 03:28 PM

A photograph of a young tree growing at Campbelltown near Camden.  Agricultural Gazette of NSW.  March 2nd, p.180, 1908.

Pinus roxburghii Sarg. | Agricultural Gazette of NSW.  March 2nd, p.180/1908 | BHL

Family Pinaceae
Region of origin


  • Pinus longifolia Roxb. non Salisb.
Common Name

Long-leaved Indian pine, Chir pine

Name in the Camden Park Record

Pinus longifolia  

Confidence level high