Colin Mills, compiler of the Hortus Camdenensis, died in late November 2012 after a short illness. As he always considered the Hortus his legacy, it is his family's intention to keep the site running in perpetuity. It will not, however, be updated in the near future.

Pinus pinea L.

Fully-hardy, evergreen tree, columnar when young, developing a characteristic flat topped or umbrella-shaped head of spreading branches, with orange-brown bark, single, bluish juvenile leaves, retained for several years, pairs of twisted, green adult leaves, to 15cm long, and shining, ovoid, brown female cones, to 12cm long.  To 20m.  Important source of pine nuts.  [RHSE, Hortus, Hilliers’].

Horticultural & Botanical History

Cultivated in Britain since at least 1548.  [JD].  Saint-Hilaire Arb. pl.60/1824.

History at Camden Park

Listed in all published catalogues [C.69/1843]. 


Pinus pinea Gord. (1858) = Pinus densiflora Siebold & Zucc.

Pinus pinea Habl. (1808) = Pinus laricio Poir.

Published Jul 22, 2009 - 04:59 PM | Last updated Jul 29, 2010 - 03:27 PM

Illustrated are leaves and male cones.  Saint-Hilaire Arb. pl.60, 1824.

Pinus pinea L. | Saint-Hilaire Arb. pl.60/1824 | BHL

Family Pinaceae
Region of origin


Common Name

Stone pine, Umbrella pine

Name in the Camden Park Record

Pinus pinea - stone Pine 

Confidence level high