Colin Mills, compiler of the Hortus Camdenensis, died in late November 2012 after a short illness. As he always considered the Hortus his legacy, it is his family's intention to keep the site running in perpetuity. It will not, however, be updated in the near future.

Pinus mugo Turra. var. pumilio Zen

Fully-hardy dwarf form of Pinus mugo, often prostrate, with scaly grey bark, well-spaced leaves, to 8cm long, and conical, dark brown female cones, to 6cm long.  To 2m.  [RHSE, Hortus, Hilliers’].

Horticultural & Botanical History

Probably an old garden plant.  Pinus pumilio is listed in both Johnson’s and Paxton’s Dictionary.  Jacq. IPR pl.193/1781-93 as Pinus mughus Scop.

History at Camden Park

Listed only in the 1843 catalogue.


Published Jul 24, 2009 - 03:49 PM | Last updated Jul 29, 2010 - 03:25 PM

Figured are shoots with leaves and mature and immature cones.  Jacq. IPR pl.193, 1781-93.

Pinus mugo Turra. var. pumilio Zen | Jacq. IPR pl.193/1781-93 as Pinus mughus Scop. | BHL

Family Pinaceae
Region of origin

Central and south eastern Europe

  • Pinus pumilio Haenke
  • Pinus mughus Scop.
  • Pinus montana Mill.
Common Name

Dwarf mountain pine

Name in the Camden Park Record

Pinus pumilio 

Confidence level high