Colin Mills, compiler of the Hortus Camdenensis, died in late November 2012 after a short illness. As he always considered the Hortus his legacy, it is his family's intention to keep the site running in perpetuity. It will not, however, be updated in the near future.

Pinus leiophylla Schiede ex Schl. & Cham.

Frost-hardy small tree with greyish leaves, to 10cm long, borne in fives, and ovoid cones, to 6cm long.  To about 10m.  [RHSD, Hortus, Hilliers’].

Horticultural & Botanical History

Introduced to Britain in 1800.  [JD]. 

Pinus leiophylla Schlecht. & Cham. Linnaea 6: 354. 1831.  Zacatecas to Veracruz and Oaxaca; type from Michoacan.

Tree, 15 to 27 meters high; bark thin; at first, red, soon becoming very coarse and rough; leaves 10 to 14 cm. long, grayish green; cones maturing the third year, 7 cm. long or shorter, persistent.  The names “ocote blanco” and “ocote chino” are said to be applied to this species. [Contributions from the US National Herbarium – Trees and Shrubs of Mexico vol. 23 part 1, p.55/1920].

History at Camden Park

Listed in the 1845, 1850 and 1849 catalogues [C.62/1845].  Macarthur reported to Loddiges’ Nursery on 6th January, 1845 that Pinus leiophylla was one of only a handful of plants likely to die of the present importation.  [MP A2933-2, p.28].  It was later obtained from Kew Gardens, brought out from England by Captain P. P. King in 1849.  At this time it was believed by Macarthur to be a new introduction to the colony, strongly suggesting that Loddiges’ tree did die.  [ML A1980-3].


Published Jul 20, 2009 - 04:27 PM | Last updated Jul 29, 2010 - 03:28 PM

Family Pinaceae
Region of origin


Common Name

Smooth leaved pine

Name in the Camden Park Record

Pinus leiophylla

Confidence level high