Colin Mills, compiler of the Hortus Camdenensis, died in late November 2012 after a short illness. As he always considered the Hortus his legacy, it is his family's intention to keep the site running in perpetuity. It will not, however, be updated in the near future.

Pinus gerardiana Wall. ex D.Don

Fully-hardy, small, evergreen tree with compact crown, patchwork bark, greyish-pink, flaking to reveal green, yellow and brown new bark, short, thick, spreading branches, with leaves in threes, to 10cm long, and ovoid cones, to 20cm long.  To 21m.  [RHSD, Hortus, Hilliers’].

Horticultural & Botanical History

According to Hilliers’ introduced to Britain by Lord Auckland in 1839.  ‘A species from the Himalayas, principally on the banks of the Sutlej, where it forms a tree fifty feet in height, and a bushy compact cone when young ; but as the tree becomes older, the branches take a more horizontal direction, and twist themselves in every direction.  Major Madden states the bark of old trees to be of a silvery grey, falling off in large flukes.  The leaves are stated to be on native trees four to six inches long; our growing specimens are not over half that length, arranged in threes, and of a dark green colour.  The cones are large, eight or ten inches in length, by five to six in width.  The seed, which ripens in India in September and October, is used largely as an article of food by the natives.  This Pine is hardy, and though possessing no particular beauty, is useful in collections as a distinct species.’  [Florist and Fruitist p.170/1854].

History at Camden Park

Listed in the 1850 and 1857 catalogues under the name Pinus gerardiana [C.60/1850] and in the 1845, 1850 and 1857 catalogues as Pinus auklandiana [C.55/1845].  Pinus gerardiana ws included in a consignment of plants sent from Kew by John Bidwill in November 1843 [AJCP].  It seems likely that most if not all of these plants were sent to Camden so this is a possible source.


Published Jul 16, 2009 - 05:26 PM | Last updated Jul 29, 2010 - 03:29 PM

Family Pinaceae
Region of origin


  • Pinus aucklandii Lodd. ex Gord.
Common Name

Gerard?s pine, Chilgoza pine, Lord Auckland?s pine, Indian edible pine

Name in the Camden Park Record

Pinus Gerardiana

Pinus Aucklandiana

Confidence level high