Colin Mills, compiler of the Hortus Camdenensis, died in late November 2012 after a short illness. As he always considered the Hortus his legacy, it is his family's intention to keep the site running in perpetuity. It will not, however, be updated in the near future.

Picea glauca (Moench) Voss var. caerulea

A large, conical tree with decurved branches, ascending at the tips.  The form caerulea has silvery, grey-blue leaves.  [RHSD, Hortus, Hilliers’].

Horticultural & Botanical History

Hilliers’ reports its date of introduction as 1866, which, if correct means it cannot be Macarthur’s plant.  The RHS Dictionary of Gardening gives a date of 1700.  Many species have glaucous juvenile leaves and some retain this colour into the adult leaves.  Leaves, cones and seeds of Pinus alba are illustrated in Die Coniferen.  [Die Coniferen t.XXXIII/1840-42].

History at Camden Park

Listed only in the 1857 catalogue [C.57/1857].


Published Jul 19, 2009 - 02:48 PM | Last updated Jul 29, 2010 - 03:23 PM

Leaves, cones and seeds of Pinus alba are illustrated.  Die Coniferen t.XXXIII, 1840-42.

Picea glauca (Moench) Voss var. caerulea | Die Coniferen t.XXXIII/1840-42 | BHL.  Pinus alba is fig. i at the top.

Family Pinaceae
Region of origin

Eastern North America

  • Pinus glauca Moench var. caerulea
  • Picea alba Link
  • Pinus alba Ait.
Common Name

White spruce

Name in the Camden Park Record

Pinus caerulea

Confidence level medium