Colin Mills, compiler of the Hortus Camdenensis, died in late November 2012 after a short illness. As he always considered the Hortus his legacy, it is his family's intention to keep the site running in perpetuity. It will not, however, be updated in the near future.

Picea abies (L.) Karst. var. excelsa

See Picea abies (L.) Karst. for details of the species.  Probably a different form to the plant described under this name.  There are many garden forms of the common, or Norway spruce. 

Horticultural & Botanical History

No additional data.

History at Camden Park

Listed in the 1845, 1850 and 1857 catalogues under the name Abies excelsa [C.5/1845].  


Published Jul 14, 2009 - 04:31 PM | Last updated Jul 29, 2010 - 03:21 PM

Leaves, cones and seeds of Pinus excelsa are figured.  Die Coniferen t.XX, 1840-41.

Picea abies (L.) Karst. var. exelsa | Die Coniferen t.XX/1840-41 | BHL.  Pinus escelsa is fig.i on the left.

Family Pinaceae
Region of origin

Scandinavia to central Europe

  • Abies excelsa (Lam.) Link.
Common Name

Christmas tree, Norway spruce, Common spruce

Name in the Camden Park Record

Abies excelsa 

Confidence level high