Colin Mills, compiler of the Hortus Camdenensis, died in late November 2012 after a short illness. As he always considered the Hortus his legacy, it is his family's intention to keep the site running in perpetuity. It will not, however, be updated in the near future.

Matthiola incana ‘Autumnal Stock’

A cultivar of Matthiola incana (L.) R.Br. See Matthiola incana 'Dwarf Stock' for a brief description of the type.  Probably a form of Ten-week stock, flowering late in the year from spring sown seed.  Today there are several forms, dwarf, bushy and tall.  Robinson classifies these as Intermediate stocks and gives their origin as Mattthiola sinuata.  [Robinson - The English Flower Garden and Home Grounds 10th Edition, p.680/1907].

Horticultural & Botanical History

‘The annuals, such as the Ten-week stocks, may be sown from March to May for summer decoration, and in august and September, to stand over the winter for spring flowering.’  [PD].  ‘Intermediate Stocks may be sown either in July or August, to stand the winter and flower early in the spring, or in March, to flower in the following autumn.  The strain is dwarf and bushy, and very free-blooming, and the varieties may be said to be confined to scarlet, purple, and white.  There is a strain grown in Scotland under the name of the East Lothian Intermediate Stock, and much used there for beds and borders, the climate exactly suiting it for late summer blooming.  It is sown in the usual way about the end of March, planted out at the end of May when 3 or 4 in. high, and blooms finely through August and September, and even later, as the numerous side shoots give spikes of flowers.’  [Robinson - The English Flower Garden and Home Grounds 10th Edition, p.680/1907].

History at Camden Park

Recorded as an annual by Carter from whom Macarthur ordered 12 varieties.  [MP A2933-1, p.128].


Published Oct 02, 2009 - 05:29 PM | Last updated Aug 17, 2011 - 04:21 PM

Family Brassicaceae
Region of origin

Eastern Mediterranean, cultivated forms of garden origin

  • Cheiranthus incanus L.


Common Name

Autumnal Stock

Name in the Camden Park Record


Confidence level high