Colin Mills, compiler of the Hortus Camdenensis, died in late November 2012 after a short illness. As he always considered the Hortus his legacy, it is his family's intention to keep the site running in perpetuity. It will not, however, be updated in the near future.

Achillea millefolium L.

Fully hardy herbaceous plant with small white flowers in dense, flat corymbs.  There are many garden cultivars with rose, red or yellow flowers.  To 90cm.  Tendency to be invasive but easily controlled.  [RHSE,  Hortus].

Horticultural & Botanical History

An ancient medicinal herb.  The leaves were used since mediaeval times to staunch the flow of blood from knife or sword wounds. It was also widely used as an antiseptic, antispasmodic, expectorant and gastric stimulant.  [McLeod].  ‘The stalks grow about eighteen inches high and are somewhat hairy; the flowers are white and grow on the tops of the branches in flat umbels.  It grows in most fields and flowers in June and July.  The leaves are esteemed cooling, drying. binding, serviceable in all kinds of haemorhages; as spitting or vomiting blood, bleeding at the nose, dysentery, the too great flux of the menses, violent flooding, cooling and tempering its immoderate sharpness; it is good in gonorrhea, strangury, heat of urine; when applied outwardly it is of service against ruptures & staunches ye bleeding of fresh wounds.’  [Blackwell pl.18/1737].

History at Camden Park

Listed in the 1845, 1850 and 1857 catalogues [H.1/1845].  Possibly introduced as a medicinal herb rather than garden ornamental.


Published Feb 01, 2009 - 02:03 PM | Last updated Jul 14, 2010 - 04:05 PM

The image is of a spindly shoot with compound, fern-like leaves and umbel of tiny white flowers.  Blackwell, pl.18, 1737.

Achillea millefolium L. | Blackwell pl.18/1737 | BHL

Family Asteraceae
Region of origin


  • Chamaemelum millefolium Krause
Common Name

Millfoil, Yarrow, Angel flower, Soldiers? woundwort, Thousand leaf

Name in the Camden Park Record

Achillea millefolia 

Confidence level high