Quercus marilandica Münchh.

Fully-hardy, spreading deciduous tree with very rough, dark bark, glossy, obovate, lobed leaves, to 17cm long, and sometimes as much across, colouring in the autumn, and ovoid acorns.  To 12m.  [RHSE, Hortus, Hilliers'].

Horticultural & Botanical History

‘Black Jack Oak (Quercus marilandica) is one of the scrub trees of this country, and few good words are ever heard for it; yet it has redeeming qualities.  Lumbermen have not paid much attention to it and never will, for only when at its best is the trunk large enough for any kind of sawlog, and there has been little inclination to use it for anything else.  It attains size fitting it for fence posts, and sometimes it performs service along that lines; but the small trunks are nearly all sapwood, and decay strikes them quickly.  The bark is black, hence the name, and it is exceedingly rough, and is broken in squares.  The leaves are large and pear-shaped, with the broad end opposite the stem.  Some are slightly lobed.  A vigorous black jack oak, standing in open ground, presents a fine appearance.  The crown is wide and is frequently conical, the limbs small, and are set in the trunk on nearly horizontal lines.  The range of this unloved species covers 600,000 or more square miles, beginning in New York, running west to central Nebraska, south through Texas nearly to the Rio Grande, and in Florida to Tampa.’  [Gibson – American Forest Trees p.291/1913].

Introduced to Europe c.1739.  [Hilliers'].

History at Camden Park

Listed in the 1850 and 1857 catalogues [T.804/1850].


Published Feb 03, 2010 - 03:31 PM | Last updated Jul 31, 2011 - 05:01 PM

More details about Quercus marilandica Münchh.
Family Fagaceae
Region of origin

South eastern USA

Common Name

Black Jack oak

Name in the Camden Park Record

Quercus Marilandica 

Confidence level high