Crataegus azarolus L.

Fully-hardy, thorny, deciduous shrub or small tree with fragrant white flowers with purple anthers in late spring, followed by edible, apple-flavoured, usually orange fruits.  To 4.5m.  [RHSD, Hortus, Hilliers’].

Horticultural & Botanical History

‘At present the Azarole is very scarce in this country, and we have never seen it in blossom but at Burchall’s nursery at Fulham, in May 1808.’  [ABR pl.579/1809].  Introduced to Britain in 1640.  [JD].  Saint-Hilaire pl.357/1831. It has in the past been used in Arab traditional medicine.

History at Camden Park

Listed in the 1845, 1850 and 1857 catalogues [T.351/1845].  Probably introduced to evaluate its usefulness as a hedging species under colonial conditions.


Published Feb 05, 2010 - 01:34 PM | Last updated Aug 02, 2010 - 10:09 AM

Figured are the deeply lobed leaves and yellow and red cherry-like fruits.  Saint-Hilaire pl.357, 1831.

Crataegus azarolus L. | Saint-Hilaire pl.357/1831 | BHL

More details about Crataegus azarolus L.
Family Rosaceae
Region of origin

Southern Europe, North Africa, West Asia

  • Crataegus triloba Poir. 
Common Name

Azarole thorn, Cherry haw, Mediterranean medlar, Mosphilla

Name in the Camden Park Record

Crataegus azarolus - Azarole Thorn 

Confidence level high