Camellia sasanqua Thunb.

Fully-hardy upright to spreading shrub or small tree with elliptic leaves and fragrant, single, cup-shaped white flowers, 5-7cm across, in autumn.  To 6m.  Many cultivars exist in a range of colours.  [RHSE, Hilliers’].  

Horticultural & Botanical History

‘A shrub with open branches, which are reddish and villous when young; leaves one inch broad and three long, alternate, oval, obtusely dentated, emarginated, thick, and of a dull green; flower small, single, comosed of five petals, of a beautiful white, sessile, terminal.’  [Berlèse Monography p.50/1838].

‘It is of recent introduction to Europe, having been first received from China in 1811, by the East India Company.’  [BR f.12/1815].  C. sasanqua flore pleno was figured later, the plant supposedly introduced by Drummond in 1823.  [BR f.1091/1827].  ‘Palmer’s Double Sasanqua’ was figured in 1819.  This plant was introduced by Captain Rawes and grown at Thomas Palmer’s, Bromley, Kent.  [BM t.2080/1819].  ‘A native of China and Japan, introduced about the year 1810.  It is a slender shrub, with weak, pendulous branches, flowering in the autumn with us.  Kaempfer mentions many varieties of this plant.  [Camellia sasanqua pleno-carneo] was introduced from China: it is a beautiful kind, flowering freely, and the blossoms are peculiarly delicate and pleasing.’  [LBC no.1275/1828].

History at Camden Park

Listed in all published catalogues [T.277/1843].  A plant was presented to the Sydney Botanic Garden on December 24th 1845 [RBGS AB].


Published Jul 05, 2009 - 03:33 PM | Last updated Jul 31, 2010 - 04:57 PM

Figured is a camellia with elliptic leaves and single, cup-shaped white flowers.  Botanical Register f.12, 1815.

Camellia sasanqua Thunb. | BR f.12/1815 | BHL

More details about Camellia sasanqua Thunb.
Family Theaceae
Region of origin


Common Name
Name in the Camden Park Record

Camellia Sasanqua 

Confidence level high