Colin Mills, compiler of the Hortus Camdenensis, died in late November 2012 after a short illness. As he always considered the Hortus his legacy, it is his family's intention to keep the site running in perpetuity. It will not, however, be updated in the near future.


All data presented in the Hortus Camdenensis is fully referenced.  All references are embedded in the text enclosed in square brackets.  Most references are given in an abbreviated form with full bibliographic information provided alphabetically here.

Conventions used in references

When a particular source is used only once or a few times an extended reference is given, sufficient to identify the text without difficulty.  Example: Dodge - Useful Fiber Plants of the World p.240/1897.  Included are the author’s name, main title of the publication, the page number and year of publication.  For periodicals and other texts referenced frequently a shorthand format is used as follows:


All references to periodicals follow a common format.  Example: BM t.995/1807.  ‘BM’ is an abbreviation of the name of the periodical, Curtis’s Botanical Magazine.  ‘t.995’ is the reference number of the article, ‘t.’ meaning ‘tab’, the convention used in this journal.  In other journals ‘f.’ = folio, ‘pl.’ = ‘plate’, ‘p.’ = ‘page’, ‘no.’ = ‘number’.  Some journals use a sequential numbering system over several or many volumes, others start at ‘1’ with each volume.  For this reason the year of publication is always included, ‘1807’ in the example. 

Non-periodical texts

Many of the non-periodical texts referenced are either arranged systematically, usually alphabetically by family or genus, or have a systematic index.  As plants are easily located no chapter or page numbers are given for such books.  I have deliberately used early editions where available, finding them particularly useful as they often contain information on older varieties and cultivars missing from later editions.  Such early editions can often be obtained at very reasonable cost from second-hand book dealers.

Manuscript references

Most of the manuscript references are to delicate originals, letters etc., now on microfilm [MF] although some remain as original manuscripts [MS].  The Camden Park Archives are private.  More details are given with each reference.

An alphabetical listing of all shorthand references follows.


Australian Botanical and Horticultural Society Report.


The Botanist’s Repository.  Compiled by Henry C. Andrews.  Published in 9 volumes between 1797 and 1815.


Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia: Botanique Phytochemie (1981-96). Superceded by Adansonia. Paris.


Album de Pomologie (1847-1851). A. Bivort. Bruxelles. Published in 4 volumes between 1847 and 1851. Sourced at Pomologische Bibliothek -


Australian Joint Copying Project.  Microfilm.  A joint project between the Australian National Library, Canberra, the State Library of New South Wales, Sydney, and the Library of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.  A multi-volume work.  In most cases references are to reel number and reel code only, e.g. Reel 3, M732.


Bulbs and Tuberous-rooted Plants (1899).  C. L. Allen.  Several editions, indicated by year. Orange Judd Company.  New York.


Carnations and all Dianthus (1935).  Second Edition.  Montague C. Allwood.  Allwood Brothers.  England.


Les Plus Belles Roses au Début du XXe Siécle (c.1911).  Charles Amat, Editor.  Société National d’Horticulture de France.  Paris.

Amateur’s Guide and Flower Garden Directory

Amateur’s Guide and Flower-Garden Directory; containing Every Requisite Detail for the Successful Cultivation of the Flower-Garden (1856). John T. C. Clark. Taylor & Maury. Washington D. C.

American Fruit Culturist

American Fruit Culturist: containing directions for the Propagation and Culture of Fruit Trees in the Nursery and Orchard (1855). John J. Thomas. Miller, Orton & Mulligan. New York.


Coloured Engravings of Heaths (1809).  Henry C. Andrews.  London.  Published in four volumes.


Australian Plant Names Index. The online version of APNI provides detailed information on scientific names of plants indigenous to Australia or recorded as naturalized but does not recommend any particular taxonomy or nomenclature. Published by the Australian National Botanical Gardens and Australian National Herbarium.

Apples of New York

Apples of New York (1905). S. A. Beach. State of New York Department of Agriculture. Report of the New York Agricultural Experiment Station for the year 1903, II. Albany. Published in 2 volumes.

Arbust. Amer.

Arbustrum Americanum: The American Grove, or, an Alphabetical Catalogue of Forest Trees and Shrubs, Natives of the American United States, Arranged According to the Linnaean System. (1785). Humphrey Marshall. Philadelphia.


Recuell de Plantes Coloriées Pour Servir a L’Intelligence des Lettres Élémentaires sur la Botanique de J. J. Rousseau (1789).  J. Aubrey, artist.  Chez Poincat, Librairie, Rue de la Harpe.  Paris.

Backhouse – Narrative

A Narrative of a Visit to the Australian Colonies (1843). James Backhouse. Hamilton, Adams, and Co. Paternoster Row. London. Available online courtesy of Google Books.

Baker Am.

Handbook of the Amaryllidaceae, including the Alstroemeriae and Agaveae (1888).  J. G. Baker.  George Bell & Sons.  London.  Facsimile Edition edited by J. Cramer & H. K. Swann.  Verlag Von J. Cramer.  3301 Lehre.

Baker Ir.

Handbook of the Iridae (1892).  J. G. Baker.  George Bell & Sons.  London.  Facsimile Edition edited by J. Cramer & H. K. Swann.  Verlag Von J. Cramer.  3301 Lehre.


The Orchidaceae of Mexico and Guatemala (1837-43).  J. Bateman.  Ridgway.  London.

Bot. Cult.

Le Botaniste Cultivateur (Ed. 1, 1802-1805.  Ed. 2, 1811-1814).  Georges L. M. Dumont de Courset.  Deterville.  Paris.


Flora of the Sydney Region (1986).  Revised Edition.  N. C. W. Beadle, O. D. Evans, R. C. Carolin, M. D. Tindale.  Reed Books.  Sydney.


The Gladiolus and its Culture (1927).  Alvin C. Beal.  Orange Judd Publishing Co.  New York.


Iconographie du Genre Camellia (1841-43.)  H. Cousin.  Paris.

Monography of the Genus Camellia (1838).  J. Breck and Co.  Boston.


British Florist or Lady’s Journal of Horticulture.  Published in 6 volumes between 1840 and 1845.


The British Flower Garden.  Compiled by Robert Sweet.  Published in seven volumes between 1823 and 1835.


The Botanic Garden of Hardy Ornamental Flowering Plants Grown in Great Britain.  Compiled by B. Maund.  Published in 13 volumes between 1825 and 1850.


La Belgique Horticole.  Edited initially by Charles Morren.  Volume 1, 1851.  Liege.


Biodiversity Heritage Library.  A very extensive online resource containing hundreds of publications in the broad field of Biology.  All publications are downloadable and include high quality digital images.  Many of the Victorian botanical journals and publications are now included.  Many of the references included in the Hortus are available through BHL.


Botanical Notebook (c.1841-1853).  John Bidwill.  Bound in a copy of Herbert’s Amaryllidaceae, labelled on the spine Herbert on Bulbs and once the property of William Macarthur.  Library of the National Herbarium, CSIRO, Black Mountain Laboratory.  Canberra.


A Guide to Species Iris (1997).  Species Group of the British Iris Society.  Cambridge University Press.


A Curious Herbal (1737-39).  Elizabeth Blackwell.  Samuel Harding.  London.


Australian Native Plants (1980).  A. M. Blomberry.  Revised Edition.  Angus and Robertson.  Sydney.


Curtis’s Botanical Magazine.  Published almost continuously from 1787 to the present day.  Published for the Royal Botanic Gardens Kew by Wiley Blackwell. 


Description des Plantes Rares Cultivees a Malmaison et a Navarre (1812-17).  A. Bonpland.  P. Didot.  Paris


Cherry Pollination and Variety Investigations in NSW – 1930-34.  NSW Govt. Pub.


The Botanical Register.  From about 1830 called Edward’s Botanical Register.  Published in 33 volumes between 1815 and 1847.

British-Grown Timber and Timber Trees

British-Grown Timber and Timber Trees (1916). Angus D. Webster. William Rider & Sons Ltd. London.


An illustrated flora of the Northern United states, Canada & the British possessions (1896-98).  N. L. Britton & A. Brown.  C. Scribner’s & Sons.  New York.


The Silva Americana: or a description of the forest trees indigenous to the United States, practically and botanically considered (1832).  D. J. Browne.  William Hyde.  Boston.


Luther Burbank - His Methods and Discoveries and their Practical Application (1914). Luther Burbank and others. Luther Burbank Press. New York and London.


The Narcissus: its History and Culture (1875).  F. W. Burbidge.  L. Reeve & Co.  London.


A collection of Hexandrian Plants, belonging to the Order Amaryllidaceae and Liliaceae (1831-1834).  Mrs Edward Bury.  R. Havell.  London.

Cat. Pl. Roy. Bot. Gard. Calcutta

Catalogue of Plants Grown at the Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta, 1861-64 (1865). Thomas Anderson. Calcutta.


Collectanea Botanica: or, Figures and Botanical Illustrations of Rare and Curious Exotic Plants (1821-1826).  John Lindley.  Richard and Arthur Taylor.  London.  Published in monthly editions between 1821 and 1826.


The Colour Encyclopedia of Cape Bulbs (2002).  J. Manning, P. Goldblatt and D. Snijman.  Timber Press.  Portland and Cambridge.


The Cottage Gardener.  Conducted by George W. Johnson, commencing in 1844.


Illustrations and descriptions of the plants which compose the natural order Camellieae and of the varieties of Camellia japonica, cultivated in the gardens of Great Britain (1831). Alfred Chandler (illustrations), William Beattie Booth (text). ? J. and A. Arch.  London.


L’Art de Faire, Gouverner et Perfectionner les Vines (1801). Jean-Antoine Chaptal. Delalain Fils. Paris.


Camden Park Archives.  MS.  Camden Park.


Camellia Quest (1947).  E. G. Waterhouse.  Ure Smith Pty. Ltd.  Sydney.


Camellia Trail (1952).  E. G. Waterhouse.  Ure Smith Pty. Ltd.  Sydney.

Cyclopedia of American Horticulture

Cyclopedia of American Horticulture (1909). L. H. Bailey. 6th Edition. The Macmillan Company. New York.

Descr. Pl. Cap.

Descriptiones plantarum ex Capite Bonae Spei: cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, et synonymis auctorum justis secundum systema sexuale ex autopsia concinnavit atque solicite digessit (1767). Short title Plantae Capensis. Petrus Jonas Bergius. Stockholm.


The Handbook of Horticulture and Viticulture of Western Australia (1903). A. Despeissis. Government Printer. Perth, Western Australia.

Deutschlands Kernobstsorten

Deutschlands Kernobstsorten dargestellt in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit erlaüternden Auszügen (1833). F. A. Diel. Carl Wilhelm Medau. Leitmeritz.


The Old rose Adventurer.  The Once-blooming Old European Roses (1999).  Brent. C. Dickerson.  Timber Press.  Portland, Oregon.

Die Coniferen

Die Coniferen: nach Lambert, Loudon und Anderen (1840-41).  Franz Antoine.  Commission der F. Beck'schen Universitäts-Buchhandlung.  Vienna.

Dodge – Useful Fibre Plants of the World

A Descriptive Catalogue of Useful Fiber Plants of the World, including the structural and economic classification of fibers (1897). Chas. Richards Dodge. Report No. 9. U.S. Department of Agriculture. Fiber Investigations. Government Printing Office. Washington.


General System of Gardening and Botany (1831).  London.  Founded on Miller’s Dictionary.  4 volumes.  Copy in the library of Camden Park House with some notations by William Macarthur.


The Genus Iris (1913).  W. R. Dykes.  Cambridge University Press.


A monograph of the genus Lilium (1877).  H. J. Elwes.  Taylor and Francis.  London.

English Botany

English Botany, or, coloured Figures of British Plants (1863-1886).  John T. Boswell Syme.  R. Hardwicke.  London.

Enumerato Plantarum – Vahl

Enumerato Plantarum (1805-06). Martin Vahl. J. H. Schuboth.

Enumerato Plantarum – Willdenow

Enumeratio Plantarum Horti Regii Botanici Berolinensis (1809). Carl, Ludwig von Willdenow. Published in 2 parts with a supplement in 1813. Berlin.

Exotic Flora

Exotic Flora: containing figures and descriptions of new, rare or otherwise interesting Exotic Plants (1822-1827). W. J. Hooker. Published in 3 volumes. William Blackwood, Edinburgh and T. Cadell, London.


Flora Australiensis: a description of the plants of the Australian territory (1863-78).  George Bentham, assisted by Ferdinand Mueller.  L. Reeve and Co.  London


The Floral Cabinet and Magazine of Exotic Botany.  Conducted by G. B. Knowles and F. Westcott.  Published in 2 volumes between 1838 and 1839.


The Floricultural Cabinet and Florists’ Magazine.  Conducted by Joseph Harrison.  Published in 27 volumes between 1833 and 1859.  Continued after this time in a different format as The Gardeners Weekly Magazine and Floricultural Cabinet.


The Fruit Cultivator’s Manual (1845). Thomas Bridgeman. Self published. New York.

Flora of Guatemala

Flora of Guatemala (1976). Dorothy L. Nash. Fieldiana: Botany vol.24, part XI, no.4.

Flora Parisiensis

Flora Parisiensis ou Descriptions et Figures des Plantes qui Croissent aux Environs de Paris (1777). M. Bulliard. P. Fr. Didot le jeune, Libraire, Quai des Augustines. Paris

Florist and Fruitist

Florist, Fruitist, and Garden Miscellany (1851- ).  Chapman and Hall.  London.  Succeeded by the Florist and Pomologist.

Florist and Pomologist

Florist and Pomologist (1863-1879).  Journal of Horticulture Office.  London.  Successor to Florist, Fruitist, and Garden Miscellany.

Fl. Peruv.

Flora Peruviana et Chilensis, sive, Descriptiones et icones plantarum Peruvianarum, et Chilensium, secundum systema Linnaeanum digestae, cum characteribus plurium generum evulgatorum reformatis (1798-1802). H. Ruiz & J. Pavon. Gabrielis de Sancha. Madrid. Originally published by the authors in 3 volumes. A 4th volume was added in 1830 and a 5th in 1959.


Bulbs and Bulb Culture (1884).  D. T. Fish.  Gill.  London.


Australian Orchids (c.1880).  R. D. Fitzgerald.  Sydney.  Copy in the library of Camden Park House.

Flore Coloriée de Poche

Flore Coloriee de Poche du Littoal Méditerranéen (1902).  Penzig, Herincq, Cuisin & jobin.  Librairie des Sciences Naturelles.  Paris.


Flora of North America Online.  Collaborative internet resource with contributions from more than 30 North American organisations and institutions.  Managed by Harvard University Herbaria.


Flora of New South Wales (2000).  Editor Gwen J. Harden. 4 volume work, revised edition.  Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney.  UNSW Press, Sydney.


Flora of Australia.  Multi-volume, multi-author work commenced 1980.  Australian Government Publishing Service.  Canberra.  The Australian Plant Names Index (APNI) was used to cross-reference all Australian plants.


Flora of China Online.  Internet resource managed by eFlora. 


The Fruit Cultivator’s Manual (1845). Thomas Bridgeman. Self published. New York.


Flore des Serres et des Jardins de L’Europe.  Conducted by Louis van Houtte, nurseryman of Ghent, Belgium.  Published in 23 volumes between 1845 and 1883.


Azaleas (1987).  F. C. Galle.  Timber Press.  Portland, Oregon.

GC or Gard. Chron.

The Gardeners’ Chronicle.  Commenced publication in 1841 in a newspaper format and continued little changed for 150 years.  It still exists as part of the magazine Horticultural Week.  References appear in two formats: Gard. Chron. is used when no page reference is given, GC when a full reference is used.

George Lindley – Orchard Guide

A Guide to the Orchard and Kitchen Garden etc (1831). George Lindley, edited by John Lindley. Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown and Green. London.


The Book of Roses or the Rose Fancier’s Manual (1838).  Catherine Francis Gore.  London.  Facsimile Edition, 1978, Heyden.  London.


Gesneriad Register. – Achimenes (1969). Published with The Gloxinian vol.19, no.5.


British and Garden Botany (1864).  L. H. Grindon.  Routledge, Warne and Routledge.  London.


Gesneriad Register – Sinningia + Appendix (1975).  Published with The Gloxinian vol.25, no.2.


Hardy bulbs.  Vol.1.  Iridaceae (1937).  C. H. Grey.  Wilkins and Norgate.  London.


Cherries (1949). Norman H. Grubb. Crosby Lockwood. London.


Herzogin Anna Amalis Bibliothek.  Klassic Stiftung Wiemar.  (1802-1809)  Website containing a large number of downloadable Victorian journals including Loddiges’ Botanical Cabinet and a range of Loddiges’ Nursery catalogues..


Sweet’s Hortus Brittanicus.  A Catalogue of Plants Indigenous, or Cultivated in the Gardens of Great Britain (1830).  Edited by Robert Sweet.  London.


Hooker’s Botanical Miscellany (1830-32).  William Jackson Hooker.  John Murray.  London.  Published in three volumes.  Replaced by the Journal of Botany from 1834-1842.

Henry Curtis

Beauties of the Rose.  Henry Curtis.  West of England Rosaries, Bristol.  Published in 4 volumes between 1850-1853.  Facsimile Edition, 1980, Sweetbriar Press.  Palo Alto.  California.


Amaryllidaceae (1837).  William Herbert.  London.  Original edition + facsimile edition (1970), editor H. P. Traub, Verlag Von J. Cramer.  3301 Lehre.


Horticultural Flora of South-Eastern Australia (1995).  Roger Spencer.  UNSW Press.  Sydney.


The Useful Family Herbal: or, an account of all those English plants, which are remarkable for their virtues and of the drugs which are produced by vegetables of other countries. etc. (1770).  John Hill.  W. Owen. London.


Hilliers’ Manual of Trees and Shrubs.  Second Edition (1971).  Hillier and Sons.  Winchester.


Hooker’s Icones Plantarum.  Compiled largely by W. J. Hooker, later with the assistance of J. D. Hooker.  Published in 10 volumes between 1836 and 1854.

Hist. Pl. Guiane

Histoire des Plantes de la Guiane Francoise (1775). Fusée Aublet. P. F. Didot jeune. London and Paris.

Hist. Nat. Pl.

Histoire Naturelle Générale et Particulaire des Plantes. Ouvrage Faisant Suiteaux Ouvres de Leclerc de Buffon, et Partie du Ccours Complet d'Histoire Naturelle Rédigé par C. S. Sonnini, Membre de Plusieurs Sociétés Savantes. Traite d'Anatomie et de Physiologie Végétales, Servant d'Introduction a l'Histoire des Plants. 1802-06. C. F. Brisseau de Mirbel. Paris


British Pomology: or the History, Description, classification and synonymes of the Fruits and Fruit Trees of Great Britain: The Apple (1851). Robert Hogg. Groombridge and Sons, London. James Hogg, Edinburgh. David Bryce, Glasgow.

Hogg – Fruit Manual

The Fruit Manual: containing Descriptions & Synonymes of the Fruits and  Fruit Trees commonly met with in the Gardens and Orchards of Great Britain (1860). Robert Hogg. Cottage Gardener Office. London

Hort. Soc. Fruit Cat.

A Catalogue of the Fruits Cultivated in the Garden of the Horticultural Society of London. Second Edition (1831). London Horticultural Society. London.


Hortus Kewensis: a Catalogue of plants Cultivated in the Royal Botanic Garden at Kew. London. First published by Sir John Hill in 1768 but the publication referred to here is the 3 volumes published by William Aiton in 1789, printed by George Nicol. London. A second edition edited by his son William Townsend Aiton was published in 5 volumes between 1810 and 1813.

Hort. Suburb. Lond.

Hortus Suburbanus Londinensis: or a Catalogue of Plants Cultivated in the Neighbourhood of London; Arranged According to the Linnaean System (1818). Robert Sweet. James Ridgway. London


Hortus (1930).  L. H. Bailey and Ethel Zoe Bailey.  The Macmillan Company.  New York.  Also includes information from Hortus Second, published in 1947.  A standard work now in its third edition.


Bulbs for Warm Climates (2001).  Thad. M. Howard.  University of Texas Press.  Austin.


Herefordshire Pomona (1876-1885).  Jakeman & Carver, publishers.  London.

Humboldt & Bonpland

Plantes equinoxiales recueillies au Mexique: dans l'ile de Cuba, dans les provinces de Caracas, de Cumana et de Barcelone, aux Andes de la Nouvelle Grenade, de Quito et du Perou, et sur les bords du rio-Negro de Orenoque et de la riviere des Amazones.  (1808).  Alexander von Humboldt, Aimel Bonpland and others.  F. Schoell.  Paris.


Hortus Veitchii (1906).  James H. Veitch.  James Veitch & Sons.  Chelsea.


The Horticultural Register and General Magazine.  Conducted by Joseph Paxton and Joseph Harrison.  Published in 5 volumes between 1832 and 1836.


International Camellia Register (1993 with later supplements).  Compiled by Thomas J. Savige.  International Camellia Society.


L’Illustration Horticole.  Published in Ghent, Belgium, by the nurseryman Ambrose Verschaffelt from 1854.


Fragmenta Botanica (1809).  N. J. Jacquin.  Vienna.

Jacquin ESP

Enumeratio Systematica Plantarumquas in insulis Caribaeis vicinaque Americes continente detexit nouas, aut iam cognitas emandauit (1760). N. J. Jacquin. Lugduni Batavorum, Leiden: Apud Theodorum Haak.

Jacquin IPR

Icones Plantorum Rariorum (1781-93).  N. J. Jacquin.  C. F. Wappler.  Vienna.

Jacquin O.

Oxalis: Monographia Iconibus Illustrata (1794).  N. J. Jacquin.  C. F. Wappler.  Vienna.

Jacquin Sch.

Plantorum Rariorum Horti Caesarei Schoenbrunnensis (1797-1804).  N. J. Jacquin.  C. F. Wappler.  Vienna.


Johnson’s Gardeners’ DictionaryNew Edition with Supplement (1875).  Edited by George W. Johnson.  George Bell & Sons, London.


Lilies in English Gardens (1903).  Gertrude Jekyll.  Country Life Publications. 


Orchids and How to Grow Them in India and other Tropical Climes (1875).  Samuel Jennings.  L. Reeve & Co. London.  Copy in the library of Camden Park House.


Le Jardin Fleuriste.  Edited by Charles Lemaire.  Published in 4 volumes between 1851 and 1854.  France.


Le Jardin Frutier du Muséum.  Edited by J. Decaisne.  Volume 1 published in 1858.  Paris.


Journal of the Horticultural Society of London (1846-1855).  Longman and Co.  London.

J. Linn. Soc. Bot.

Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany. London (1865-1968). Preceded by the Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society, Botany and superceded by the Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. London.


Native Orchids of Australia (2006).  David L. Jones.  Reed New Holland. Sydney.


Palms in Australia (1987).  David L. Jones. Reed Books. Sydney.

Keble Martin

The Concise British Flora in Colour (1965).  W. Keble Martin.  Sphere Books.  London.


Thomas Andrew Knight and his Works in the OrchardHerefordshire Pomona. Vol.1, p.29.  Vide supra.


Revisio Generum Plantarum: vascularium omnium atque cellularium multarum secundum leges nomeclaturae internationales cum enumeratione plantarum exoticarum in itinere mundi collectarum (1891-1898). Otto Kuntze. Leipzig.


The Botanical Cabinet.  Compiled by the London nurseryman Conrad Loddiges.  Published between 1817 and 1833.



Linnaea: Ein Journal für die Botanik in ihrem ganzen Umfange. Published in 43 volumes between 1826 and 1882. Berlin.


Cacti Naturalised in Australia and their Control (1970).  J. Mann.  Department of Lands, Queensland.


Paxton’s Magazine of Botany.  Compiled by Joseph Paxton.  Published in 16 volumes between 1834 and 1849.

Medical Botany

Medical botany: containing systematic and general descriptions, with plates, of all the medicinal plants, indigenous and exotic, comprehended in the catalogues of the materia medica etc. (1790-93).  William Woodville.  James Phillips.  London.


Plantarum Selectarum Icones Pictae (1798).  N. Meerburg.  Leiden.

Meerburg Afb.

Afbeeldingen van zeldzaame gewassen (1775).  Nicolaas Meerburg.  Johannes le Mair, Leiden.


Rhododendrons and the Various Hybrids (1917).  J. G. Millais.  Longmans.  London.


Manuscripts or books housed at the Mitchell Library, Sydney, not otherwise referenced but described in the text.  Library reference number given.


African Violets, Gloxinias and their Relatives (1957).  Harold E. Moore Jr.  The Macmillan Company.  New York.


Macathur Papers.  MF and MS.  A large collection of original manuscripts and documents on permanent loan to the Mitchell Library, Sydney.  Usually only the Mitchell Library reference is given, e.g. A2933-1.  In the case of letter books, the page number is also given where available, e.g. A2933-1, p.136.

N. Amer. Sylv.

The North American Sylva, or a description of the forest trees of the United States, Canada and Nova Scotia considered particularly with respect to their use in the arts, and their introduction into commerce: to which is added a description of the most useful of the European forest trees (1818). François-André Michaux. C. d’Hautel. Paris.

New Holland Journal

New Holland Journal, November, 1833 – October 1834 (1994). Baron Charles von Hügel. Translated and edited by Dymphna Clark. Melbourne University Press at the Miegunyah Press in association with the State Library of New South Wales. Melbourne.


New South Wales Horticultural Magazine.  Volume 1 published in 1864.


North American Flora (1949).  New York Botanical Garden.  New York.  Component parts published from c.1905.

Niger Flora

Niger Flora; or, an enumeration of the plants of western tropical Africa, collected by the late Dr. Theodore Vogel, botanist to the voyage of the expedition sent by Her Britannic Majesty to the River Niger in 1841, under the command of Capt. H. D. Trotter, R.N. (1849). William Jackson Hooker. Bailliere. London

Nomencl. Bot. – Steudel

Nomenclator botanicus, seu, Synonymia plantarum universalis (1840 - 1841). Ernest Gottlieb von Steudel. Second Edition. Stuttgart and Tubingen.


Nova Genera et Species Plantarum (1815-25). A. von Humboldt, A. Bonpland & K. Kunth. Published in 7 volumes. Lutetiae Parisiorum :sumtibus Librariae Graeco-Latino-Germanico. Karl Kunth is now recognized as the author of most of the text and his name alone, rather than H.B.K, is often used as author attribution.


The Ornamental Flower Garden (1854).  Compiled by John Lindley, Robert Sweet and others. 

Olde & Marriott

The Grevillea Book (1994).  Peter Olde & Neil Marriot.  Kangaroo Press, Kenthurst, Australia.  Published in three volumes.

Our Native Trees and How to Identify Them

Our Native Trees and How to Identify Them (1917). Harriet L. Keeler. Charles Scribner’s Sons. New York.


The Rose Garden.  William Paul.  1st Edition, 1848.  Sherwood, Gilbert & Piper.  London.

The Rose Garden.  William Paul.  2nd. Edition, 1863.  Kent and Co.  London.

The Rose Garden.  William Paul.  9th Edition, 1888, with Supplement 1888-1898.

The Rose Garden.  William Paul.  10th Edition, 1903.  Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent.  London.


Pomona Brittanica (1812).  George Brookshaw.  Original edition + facsimile edition (2002), Taschen GmbH, Köln.


Paxton’s Botanical Dictionary (1849).  Joseph Paxton, assisted by John Lindley.  Bradbury and Evans, London.

Peaches of New York

The Peaches of New York (1916). U. P. Hedrick. State of New York Department of Agriculture 24th Annual Report, vol.2, Part II. Albany.

Pears of New York

The Pears of New York (1921). U. P. Hedrick. State of New York Department of Agriculture 29th Annual Report, vol.2, Part II. Albany.

Plums of New York

The Plums of New York (1911). U. P. Hedrick. State of New York Department of Agriculture 18th Annual Report, vol.3, Part II. Albany.


Paxton’s Flower Garden.  Compiled by Joseph Paxton and John Lindley and published in 3 volumes between 1850 and 1853.


Pomona Londinensis: containing coloured engravings of the most esteemed fruits cultivated in the British gardens (1818).  William Hooker.  London.


Plantarum Historia Succulentarum (1799-1837).  A.P. DeCandolle & P. J. Redouté.  A. J. Dugour et Durand. Paris.

Phytanthoza Iconographia

Phytanthoza iconographia, sive, Conspectus aliquot millium: tam indigenarum quam exoticarum, ex quatuor mundi partibus longâ annorum serie indefesoque studio (1737-1745). J. W. Weinmann, J. G. N. Dietrichs, A. K. Bieler, B. Seuter, J. E. Ridinger, J. J. Haid, H. G. Neubauer and H. Lentz. Sumptibus imprimebatur Ratisbonae [Regensburg]: Per Hieronymum Lentzium. Published in 4 volumes.

Pomologische Bibliothek

Pomologische Bibliothek. Website of Bücherie des Deutschen Gartenhaues e.V. dedicated to German language pomological books and periodicals from the 18th and 19th century. URL


The Pomological Magazine or, Figures and Descriptions of the Most Important varieties of Fruit cultivated in Great Britain (1828-30). Published by John Lindley and Robert Thomson through James Ridgway. London.

Pomona Austriaca

Pomona Austriaca: Abhandlung von den Obstbäumen: worinn ihre Gestalt, Erziehung und Pflege angezeigt und beschrieben wird (1792). Johann Kraft. Gräffer. Vienna.

Pomona Franconica

Pomona Franconica: Description des Arbres Fruitiers, le Plus Connus et les Plus Estimes en Europe, qui se Cultivent Maintenant au Jardin de la Cour de Wurzbourg (1801). Johann Mayer. Nuremberg.

Practical Floriculture

Practical Floriculture: a Guide to the Successful Cultivation of Florists’ Plants, for the Amateur and Professional Florist (1868). Peter Henderson. A 2nd Edition was published in 1873. Orange Judd Company. New York.


What Orchid is That? (1992).  Alec Pridgeon.  Lansdowne.  Sydney.

Proc. RHS

Proceedings of the Royal Horticultural Society.  From 1861 to the present day as the RHS.  [From 1804-1860 it was the London Horticultural Society].  London.

Prod. DC.

Prodromus systematis naturalis regni vegetabilis, sive, Enumeratio contracta ordinum generum specierumque plantarum huc usque cognitarium, juxta methodi naturalis, normas digesta (1824-73). Augustin de Candolle & Alphonse de Candolle. Sumptibus Sociorum Treuttel et Würtz. Paris.

Prodromus Florae Nepalensis

Prodromus Florae Nepalensis: sive Enumeratio Vegetabilium quae in itinere per Nepaliam proprie dictam et regiones conterminas, ann. 1802-1803 (1825). N. Wallich, F. Hamilton & D. Don. J. Gale. London.

Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland
Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae et Insulae Van-Diemen (1810). Robert Brown.


Flora Americae Septentrionalis: or, a systematic arrangement and description of the plants of North America (1814).  Frederick Pursh.  White, Cochrane and Co.  London


Royal Botanic Garden Sydney.  MF + photocopies.  Accession books and books of plants distributed.  Original records, from c.1828. 


Les Liliacées (1802-15).  P. J. Redouté.  Paris.

Redouté Choix

Choix des Plus Belles Fleurs (c.1833). P. J. Redouté.  Paris.


The Royal Horticultural Society A-Z Encyclopaedia of Garden Plants (1998).  Christopher Brickell, Editor.  Dorling Kindersley.  London.


The Royal Horticultural Society Dictionary of Gardening (1951).  F. J. Chittendon, Editor.  Oxford University Press.  London.  Where I have referenced RHSE there may be additional data from RHSD and vice versa.  Some information from the third edition of RHSD (1992) has also been included.


The Flora of the Malay Peninsula (1922-25).  Henry Nicholas Ridley.  L. Reeve & Co.  London.


Rose Amateurs Guide.  Thomas Rivers.  5th Edition, 1854.  Longman.  London.

Rose Amateurs Guide.  Thomas Rivers.  6th Edition, 1857.  Longman.  London.

Rose Amateurs Guide.  Thomas Rivers.  8th Edition, 1863.  Longman.  London.


Floral Illustrations of the Seasons, consisting of the most beautiful plants cultivated in the flower garden, from drawings by Mrs. Edward Roscoe.  Engraved by R. Havill (1831).  Mrs W. Roscoe, R. Havill.  Robert Havill.  London.


Plants of the Coast of Coromandel (1795-1819).  W. Roxburgh.  Bulmer and Co.  London.

Roxburgh FI

Flora Indica, or descriptions of Indian plants (1832).  W. Roxburgh.  Printed for W. Thacker.  Serampore.

Roxburgh Hort. Bengal.

Hortus Bengalensis, or a Catalogue of the Plants Growing in the Hounourable East India Company's Botanical Garden at Calcutta (1814). William Roxburgh. With an introduction by W. Carey, and a Catalogue of plants described by Dr. Roxburgh in his MSS. Flora indica, but not yet introduced into the botanical garden. Although most new names are invalid (nomina nuda), several names are validly published because of references to other publications. Many of the nomina nuda were validated in Roxburgh's Flora Indica (1820, 1824, 1832), de Candolle's Prodromus (vols. 1-4, 1824-1830), and G. Don's Gen. Hist. (vol. 1, 1831) [IPNI]. Serampore.


La Flore et la Pomone Francais (1828-33).  J. Saint-Hilaire.  Paris.

Saint-Hilaire Ar.

Traite des Arbres Forestiers (1824).  J. Saint-Hilaire.  Paris.

Saint-Hilaire Tr.

Traite des Arbrisseaux et des Arbustes Cultivees en France et en Pleine Terre (1825).  J. Saint-Hilaire.  Paris.

Sargent - Silva of North America

Silva of North America: a description of the trees which grow naturally in North America exclusive of Mexico (1891). Charles Sprague Sargent. Houghton, Miflin and Company. Boston and New York.


The Cottage Garden (1981).  Anne Scott-James.  Penguin Books.  England.

Sert. Angl.

Sertum Anglicum seu Plantae Rariores quae in Hortis juxta Londinum, Imprimis in Horto Regio Kewensi Excoluntur, ab Anno 1786 ad Annuum 1787 Observatae (1789-1792). Charles Louis L’Héritier. Paris.


Old Fashioned Flowers (1939).  Sacheverell Sitwell.  Country Life.  London.

Small Fruits of New York

The Small Fruits of New York (1925). U. P. Hedrick. State of New York Department of Agriculture 33rd  Annual Report, Part II. Albany.


Icones Pictae Plantarum Rariorum (1790-93).  J. E. Smith.  London.


Species Plantarum (1753). Carl von Linné (Linnaeus). Holmiae: Impensis Laurentii Salvii. Stockholm. Originally published in two volumes with 2nd and 3rd editions published between 1762 and 1763.

Supple. Pl.

Supplementum Plantarum Systematis Vegetabilium Editionis Decimae Tertiae, Generum Plantarum Editiones Sextae, et Specierum Plantarum Editionis Secundae. (1782). Editor Carl von Linné junior [Linnaeus fils]. Braunschweig, Germany.


Systema Naturae (1735-1768). Carl von Linné (Linnaeus). Holmiae: Impensis Laurentii Salvii. Stockholm. Published in 12 volumes.


Botanical Latin – History, Grammar, Syntax, Terminology and Vocabulary (1992).  Fourth Edition.  Wiiliam T. Stearn.  David & Charles.  Newton Abbey.  Devon.

Symb. Bot. (Vahl)

Symbolae Botanicae (1790-1794). Martin Vahl.

Syn. Pl. (Persoon)

Synopsis plantarum, seu Enchiridium botanicum, complectens enumerationem systematicam specierum hucusque cognitarum (1805-7). C. H. Persoon. Parisiis Lutetiorum: C.F. Cramerum.

The English Flora

The English Flora (1824-36).  J. E. Smith, M. J. Berkeley, W. J. Hooker.  Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme & Green.  London.

The Unheated Greenhouse

The Unheated Greenhouse (1907). K. L. Davidson. Country Life Ltd. and George Newnes Ltd. London.


The Old Shrub Roses (1957).  Graham S. Thomas.  Phoenix House. London.


Transactions of the Horticultural Society.  From c.1805.  Predecessor of the Journal of the Horticultural Society.  London.


The Genera of Amaryllidaceae (1963).  Hamilton P. Traub.  The American Plant Life Society.  California.


Wild flowers of the Cape of Good Hope (1950).  E. G. Rice & R. H. Crompton.  The Botanical Society of South Africa.

van Nooten

Fleurs, Fruits et Feuillages Choisis de L’Ile de Java (1880). Bertha van Nooten.  Merzbach and Falk.  Bruxelles.


Plantae Asiaticae Rariores (1830-32).  N. Wallich.  Treuttel and Wurtz.  London.


Ericarum Icones et Descriptiones (1804).  J. C. Wendland.  Hannover.


Icones planrarum Indiae Orientalis: or figures of Indian plants (1840-53). Robert Wight.  J. B. Pharoah.  Madras.


Select Orchidaceaous Plants: First Series (1862-1865).  S. Williams.  L. Reeve.  London.


The Genus Rose (1914).  Ellen Willmot.  John Murray.  London.


Plantae Wilsonianae: an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard University during the years 1907, 1908 and 1910. (1913-17).  E. H. Wilson.  Edited by Charles Sprague Sargent.  University Press.  Cambridge.

Wilson and Rehder

A monograph of Azaleas – Rhododendron subgenus Anthrodendron (1921) E. H. Wilson and A. Rehder. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge.


Hardy Perennials and Old-fashioned Garden Flowers (c.1899).  J. Wood.  L. Upcott Gill.  London.


Australian Native Plants (1979). J. W. Wrigley, M. Fagg.  Collins.  Sydney.