Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.

North eastern North America

Fully-hardy, evergreen conical tree with smooth grey bark, leaves, to 2.5cm long, arranged in a V-shape on the shoots, and purplish blue cones, to 8cm long.  To 15m.  [RHSD, Hortus, Hilliers’].

Horticultural & Botanical History

Introduced to Britain in 1696.  [JD].  Leaves, cones and seeds are illustrated in Die Coniferen.  [Die Coniferen t.XXVI/1840-41].

History at Camden Park

Listed in the 1845, 1850 and 1857 catalogues [C.1/1845].


Published Jul 12, 2009 - 05:24 PM | Last updated Jul 29, 2010 - 03:21 PM

Leaves, cones and seeds are illustrated.  Die Coniferen t.XXVI, 1840-41.

Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. | Die Coniferen t.XXVI/1840-41 | BHL.  Abies balsamea is fig. iii on the right.

More details about Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.
Family Pinaceae
Region of origin

North eastern North America

  • Pinus balsamea L.
Common Name

Balsam fir, Balm of Gilead

Name in the Camden Park Record

Abies balsamea - Balsam spruce fir 

Confidence level high