Notice

Colin Mills, compiler of the Hortus Camdenensis, died in late November 2012 after a short illness. As he always considered the Hortus his legacy, it is his family's intention to keep the site running in perpetuity. It will not, however, be updated in the near future.

Malus domestica ‘Manx Codlin’

‘Fruit, large; conical, and slightly angular. Skin, smooth, greenish-yellow at first, but changing as it ripens to clear pale-yellow, tinged with rich orange-red on the side next the sun ; but sometimes, when fully exposed, assuming a clear bright-red cheek. Eye, small and closed, set in a small, plaited, and pretty deep basin. Stalk, three quarters of an inch long, more or less fleshy, sometimes straight, but generally obliquely inserted, and occasionally united to the fruit by a fleshy protuberance on one side of it. Flesh, yellowish-white, firm, brisk, juicy and slightly perfumed. A very valuable early culinary apple, of first-rate quality. It is ripe in the beginning of August, and continues in use till November.’ [Hogg p.131/1851].

Horticultural & Botanical History

Small. hardy tree and abundant bearer. Good for espalier.  ‘A very valuable early culinary apple of first rate quality.’ Ripe August to November. [HP pl.IV/1878]. I have no information on its origins.

History at Camden Park

Listed in the 1850 and 1857 catalogues [Apple no.41/1850].

Notes

The ‘Winter St. Lawrence’ of North America is probably not the same apple, although it was imported into America under the name of ‘Mank’s Codlin’. This is a winter apple as opposed to late summer/autumn, and has a dotted skin. The following from Apples of New York. ‘The following account of Winter St. Lawrence is given by Macoun. "Imported in 1833 from Manchester, England, under the name of Mank's Codling, by the late Wm. Lunn, of Montreal. Named Winter St. Lawrence by the Montreal Horticultural Society about 1873. Fruit medium to large, roundish, slightly conical; skin greenish yellow well covered with deep red through which are dark purple splashes and streaks; dots fairly numerous, pale, distinct; cavity rather deep and medium in width; stem short, slender; basin narrow, almost smooth, of medium depth; calyx partly open, sometimes closed. Flesh white, rather soft, melting, moderately juicy, subacid, good flavour; core small; quality good; season, early winter. Tree a moderately spreading, strong grower and apparently very hardy. A shy but annual bearer at Ottawa." ’ [Apples of New York vol.1, p.380/1905].

 

Published Apr 16, 2010 - 01:40 PM | Last updated Jul 25, 2011 - 03:31 PM

5 apples are illustrated, all conical in shape and yellow-skinned, one red streaked. Herfordshire Pomona pl.4, 1878.

Apple ‘Manx Codlin’ | HP pl.4/1878 - Manx Codlin is the apple at top right, incorrectly labelled 'Maux Codlin' | RBGS

Family Rosaceae
Category
Region of origin

Garden origin, probably Isle of Man but I have found no reference to its exact origins

Synonyms
  • Mank’s Codlin
  • Irish Pitcher
  • Irish Codlin
  • Eve
  • Frith Pippin
Common Name

Apple, Culinary apple

Name in the Camden Park Record

Mank’s Codlin 

Confidence level

high