Notice

Colin Mills, compiler of the Hortus Camdenensis, died in late November 2012 after a short illness. As he always considered the Hortus his legacy, it is his family's intention to keep the site running in perpetuity. It will not, however, be updated in the near future.

Fuchsia magellanica Lam. var. conica L.H.Bailey

The species Fuchsia magellanica Lam. is a borderline frost-hardy erect shrub with scalloped to toothed leaves, to 6cm long, and small flowers with red tubes, deep red, occasionally white or pale pink, wide-spreading sepals, and purple corollas, produced profusely throughout the summer.  The variety conica, very similar to globosa [see T.478], has scarlet and purple flowers and globe-shaped buds.  To 3m by 3m.  Fuchsia magellanica has been used extensively to produce the modern, hardy fuchsias and makes a useful hedge in low frost areas.  [RHSE, Hortus, Hilliers', Don].

Horticultural & Botanical History

‘A very strong growing plant, and flowers freely; the flowers are short and bulky, of a lighter red than either virgata or gracilis.’  [FC p176, 1834].  ‘Feuillee found [Fuchsia macrostema] in the beginning of the last century, in Chili […] and says that it is used by the Indians in medicine, and also for dying a black colour.’  [LBC no.1062/1825].  Probably introduced to Europe, at Kew, c.1788.  [Don].  However, it seems likely that Don is referring to another variety of Fuchsia magellanica.  ‘Native of Chile, whence seeds were sent to Mr. Place, by whom they were presented to the Horticultural Society, in 1824.  Our drawing was made in the Chiswick garden, in September 1826.  This fine species must not be confounded with any of the varieties of Fuchsia gracilis, from all which it differs in having broader leaves, a less disposition to produce flowers, and in the figure of the tube of the calyx, which has a conical form, being much broader at the base than the apex, in consequence of which it appears divided from the ovarium by a strong contraction.  This is not shewn with sufficient distinctness in our figure.  As hardy as the other species of Chilian Fuchsias, like which it is also propagated without difficulty by cuttings.  A shrub growing two or three feet high, closely covered with leaves, but not producing flowers in much abundance.’  [BR f.1062/1827].

History at Camden Park

Listed in all published catalogues [T.465/1843].  Received per ‘Sovereign’ February 1831.  [MP A2948].

Notes

Published Jan 31, 2009 - 04:53 PM | Last updated Sep 05, 2011 - 02:35 PM

Depicted is a flowering shoot with rounded, pendant flowers, sepals scarlet, corolla purple.  Botanical Register f.1062, 1827.

Fuchsia magellanica Lam. var. conica L.H.Bailey | BR f.1062/1827 | BHL

Family Onagraceae
Category
Region of origin

Chile

Synonyms

 

  • Fuchsia conica Lindl.
  • Fuchsia macrostema Ruíz & Pav. var. conica (Lindl.) D.Don
Common Name

Fuchsia

Name in the Camden Park Record

Fuchsia conica 

Confidence level

high