Plants with industrial uses
An erect or trailing herb or sub-shrub, depending on the variety, with variable but usually lobed leaves. The subspecies moschatus has single yellow flowers with a dark purple basal spot. Subspecies tuberosus is a trailing plant with red flowers and an underground tuber. The plant dies back to this tuber in the dry season, emerging again with the wet season. [FNSW, internet sources]. Widely cultivated in tropical regions.
Frost tender deciduous climber, the leaves consisting of numerous pairs of oblong leaflets, and red to pale purple, rarely white, flowers in spring, followed by oblong pods, to 6cm long. To 3.5m. [RHSD, Hortus].
Fully hardy deciduous tree with a dense rounded crown and large, broadly ovate, mid-green, 3-5 lobed leaves which turn brilliant orange to red and yellow in autumn. To 40m. An economically important tree, it is tapped for its sap in spring, the source of maple sugar, and also produces the highly prized birds-eye maple timber for cabinet making. [RHSD, Hilliers'].
Frost-hardy, succulent perennial with rosettes of spreading, lance-shaped, spine-tipped, grey-green leaves, to 2m long, and panicles up to 8m long, bearing clusters of yellowish-green flowers in summer. [RHSE, Hortus].
Tender herbaceous perennial with a dense rosette of up to 50 leaves. up to 1.5m long, the cone-like inflorescence becoming a swollen fruit, to 30cm long, the well known pineapple. [RHSD, Hortus].
Small tree with a short trunk, curved branches, simple, alternate, oval or oblong leaves, to 8cm, velvety underneath, and axillary flower spikes bearing apetalous flowers. To 8m. [www.mekonginfo.org].
See Arbutus unedo L. for more detail on the species. Serratifolia has serrated leaves.
Frost hardy, conical, evergreen tree with lance-shaped, nutmeg-scented leaves and solitary, saucer-shaped, fragrant, creamy white flowers, produced from the upper leaf axils in early spring. To 6m. [RHSE, Hilliers', FNSW, Beadle].
Frost tender evergreen, clump-forming bamboo with tall woody stems, up to 20cm in diameter, with a profusion of very leafy branches at the top, flowering once only after which the plant dies. To 30m. [RHSD, Hortus].
Frost tender, intricately branched, evergreen tree with ovate-heart-shaped leaves and terminal panicles of 3-5, open cup-shaped, 5-petalled, purple-tinted, white or pink flowers in summer and autumn, followed by bristly bright red or dark pink fruit, full of dark red seeds. To 10m by 5m. [RHSE, Hortus].
Large dioecious shrub or tree with woolly shoots and leaves, variable toothed leaves. The female plant is quite attractive with its fruit aggregated into a small orange, woolly mass. To 10m or more under favourable conditions. There are a number of garden forms. [RHSD, Hilliers', Hortus].
Very variable, hardy, prostrate to erect shrub with green to grey leaves, to 3mm long, and racemes of white to red flowers in summer and autumn. To 60cm. There are many garden varieties. [RHSE, Hortus].
Fully hardy, bushy, spreading shrub with oval or oblong leaves to 12cm, and fragrant, dark red flowers, 5cm across and resembling a tiny water-lily with numerous strap-shaped petals, in summer. To 2.5m. [RHSE, Hortus, Hilliers'].
Frost tender, erect to spreading tree with aromatic, boldly-veined, glossy, ovate leaves, reddish when young, and clusters of small, bowl-shaped, greenish flowers in spring and summer, followed by black berries. To 20m. [RHSE, Hilliers'].
Fully hardy bushy shrub or tree with often greyish oval leaves, to 7cm long, turning yellow to red in autumn, and fruiting panicles, to 15cm long, turning from green to grey as they mature. To 5m. [RHSE, Hortus, Hilliers'].