Notice

Colin Mills, compiler of the Hortus Camdenensis, died in late November 2012 after a short illness. As he always considered the Hortus his legacy, it is his family's intention to keep the site running in perpetuity. It will not, however, be updated in the near future.

Hedging Species

It seems probable that a good number of the plants introduced to Camden Park were considered possible candidates for living fences.

Berberis hookeri Lem.

Fully hardy, dense, compact, evergreen shrub, with dark purple fruits. A very useful species for hedging.  To 1.2m.  [RHSD, Hilliers', Hortus].

Breynia nivosa Small

Evergreen shrub with zigzagged pink or red stems with dark green leaves, to 5cm long, with bold white variegation.  To 1m.  [RHSD, Hortus].  

Buxus sempervirens L.

Fully hardy, bushy, rounded shrub or small tree with glossy, ovate to oblong leaves, notched at the tips.  To 5m.  [RHSE, Hortus, Hilliers'].

Buxus sempervirens L. var. arborescens

See Buxus sempervirens L. for information on the species.  Arborescens is a form that develops into a large shrub or small tree.  [Hortus, Hilliers'].

Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Sw.

Half hardy, erect, prickly shrub or small tree with 2-pinnate leaves, to 30cm long, composed of numerous elliptic leaflets, and erect racemes, to 20cm long, of up to 40 bowl-shaped orange-yellow flowers from spring to autumn.  To 4m.  [RHSE, Hortus].

Carissa bispinosa (L.) Desf. ex Brenan.

Frost-tender, spiny shrub, the spines to 3cm long and usually forked, with box-like leaves and small, white, sweetly-scented flowers in summer, followed by red berries.  To 1.5m.  [RHSD, Hortus]. 

Carpinus betulus L.

Medium sized to large deciduous tree with a grey, fluted trunk and ovate, serrate, ribbed leaves and fruiting catkins to 12cm long.  Usually keeps its dead leaves through winter.  To 20m but often grown as a hedge in a similar way to Beech.  An excellent hedging species.  [RHSD, Hortus, Hilliers'].

Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle

Irregularly branched small, spiny tree with elliptic-oval pale green leaves and white flowers followed by round to oval green fruit, ranging in taste from acid to sweetish. To 4m. [RHSD, Hortus].

Corylus avellana L.

Fully hardy upright or tree-like shrub with broadly heart-shaped leaves and pendant catkins in winter and spring, followed by the edible nuts.  To 5m.  An important economic crop.  The Filbert differs from the common Hazel-nut in having nuts in ones, twos or threes completely enclosed in a longer, lobed husk.  [RHSE, Hortus, Hilliers']. 

Crataegus monogyna Jacq.

Fully-hardy, rounded, thorny, deciduous tree with 3-5-lobed glossy leaves and corymbs of up to 10 white to pink flowers in late spring, followed by round red fruit.  To 8m.  [RHSE, Hortus, Hilliers'].

Crataegus monogyna Jacq. var. plena

For information on the species see Crataegus monogyna Jacq. The variety commonly called plena has double white flowers, ageing to pink.  [RHSE, Hortus, Hilliers'].

Crataegus monogyna Jacq. var. punicea

For information on the species see Crataegus monogyna Jacq.  The variety punicea is a cultivar with single, scarlet or dark red flowers.  [Hortus, Hilliers'].

Crataegus monogyna Jacq. var. rosea

For information on the species see Crataegus monogyna Jacq.  The variety rosea is a rose-pink-flowered form with single flowers.  In English hedgerows it is occasionally seen among the white.  [Hortus, Hilliers'].

Dovyalis caffra Warb.

Spiny shrub or small tree with glossy, oblong-ovate leaves and inconspicuous green or yellow flowers, followed by edible spherical fruits, to 4cm in diameter, with an apricot odour. To 6m. [RHSD, Hortus].

Euonymus europaeus L.

Fully hardy, broadly conical, deciduous shrub or small tree, with spreading, somewhat pendant shoots, scalloped dark green leaves, to 7cm long, which turn red in autumn, and 4-lobed, clustered red fruit.  To 3m.  [RHSE, Hortus, Hilliers'].

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