Notice

Colin Mills, compiler of the Hortus Camdenensis, died in late November 2012 after a short illness. As he always considered the Hortus his legacy, it is his family's intention to keep the site running in perpetuity. It will not, however, be updated in the near future.

Fruit

A division of the Camden Park catalogues that is not clearly defined. All plants producing edible fruits are included but most are trees. Fruit will be progressively added to the Hortus.

Achras sapota L.

Large, spreading tree with elliptic leaves clustered near the end of shoots, and inconspicuous flowers in clusters in the leaf axils, followed by brownish fruit, to 8cm across, sweet and perfumed when very ripe.  [RHSD, Hortus].

Acmena smithii (Poir.) Merr. & L.M.Perry

Frost-tender, rounded, bushy tree with ovate to lance-shaped, glossy dark green leaves and terminal panicles of greenish-white flowers in spring and summer, followed by edible, white, pink, or red-purple berries, ripening in autumn.  To 15m.  [RHSE, Hortus, Beadle, FNSW].

Aesculus hippocastanum L.

Fully hardy, vigorous, spreading, rounded tree with 5-7-palmate, mid-green leaves, with leaflets 30cm or more long, and conical panicles of white flowers, to 30cm tall, in spring and summer, followed by spiny fruits.  To 25m.  [RHSE, Hilliers'].

Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.

Tender herbaceous perennial with a dense rosette of up to 50 leaves. up to 1.5m long, the cone-like inflorescence becoming a swollen fruit, to 30cm long, the well known pineapple.  [RHSD, Hortus].

Annona cherimola Mill.

A large and straggling, frost tender, evergreen shrub or small tree with lance-shaped leaves, to 10cm long, fragrant yellow flowers, spotted purple at the base inside, followed by large, edible fruit, to 10cm by 20cm.  To 7m.  

Annona glabra L.

Large half hardy shrub or tree with oblong leaves, to 15cm long, and fragrant, yellow-white flowers, marked red at the base inside, followed by edible, smooth skinned, greenish-yellow fruit, variable but usually conical, blunt-ended, to about 15cm by 9cm, with highly fragrant, peachy-orange flesh, somewhat insipid tasting.  Today grown as a root stock.  To 10m.  [RHSD, Hortus].

Annona squamosa L.

Frost tender evergreen or semi-deciduous shrub or small tree with blunt, oblong leaves, to 12cm, and greenish-yellow flowers, spotted purple at the base inside, in summer, followed by edible, egg-shaped, scaly-skinned, olive-green fruit, to 10cm across, with white pulp.  To 8m.  [RHSD, Hortus].

Arbutus andrachne L.

Spreading, sometimes shrubby tree with smooth, peeling, red-brown bark and white flowers in erect panicles in spring, followed by spherical, warty, orange-red fruit, which ripen in the autumn of the following year.  To 6m by 6m.  [RHSE, Hortus, Hilliers'].

Arbutus canariensis Duham.

Half hardy shrub or small tree with oblong to lance-shaped leaves, to 12cm long, and erect terminal panicles of pale green, often pink-tinted flowers, about 1cm long, in summer, followed by warty, roundish fruit.  To 9m.  [RHSD, Hortus]. 

Arbutus unedo L.

Fully-hardy, spreading, sometimes shrubby tree with rough, shredding, red-brown bark and pendant panicles of white or pink flowers in autumn, followed by spherical, warty, red fruit, which ripen in the autumn of the following year.  To 8m by 8m.  [RHSE, Hortus, Hilliers']. 

Arbutus unedo L. var. flore pleno

See Arbutus unedo L.  Flore pleno is a double-flowered form. 

Arbutus unedo L. var. photinifolia

Probably a foliar form of Arbutus unedo L., of which 8 varieties are listed in various editions of Paxton's Dictionary and 4 in Johnson's Dictionary.  I have found no description of this plant. 

Arbutus unedo L. var. serratifolia

See Arbutus unedo L. for more detail on the species. Serratifolia has serrated leaves.

Asimina triloba Dun.

Fully hardy deciduous shrub or small tree with large obovate leaves, turning yellow in autumn, and cup-shaped flowers in spring, followed by edible, ovoid, bottle-shaped, yellow-brown fruit.  To 6m.  [RHSE, Hortus].

Berberis buxifolia Lam.

Half hardy, upright, evergreen shrub with arching branches, spine-tipped, dark green leaves and dark orange-yellow flowers emerging from the tufts of leaves in spring and summer, followed by edible, purple-blue grape-like berries.  To 2.5m but generally smaller in cultivation.  [RHSE, Hilliers', Hortus].

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