Notice

Colin Mills, compiler of the Hortus Camdenensis, died in late November 2012 after a short illness. As he always considered the Hortus his legacy, it is his family's intention to keep the site running in perpetuity. It will not, however, be updated in the near future.

Cycads and Conifers

A division of the Camden Park catalogues that is clearly defined and well understood.

Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.

North eastern North America

Fully-hardy, evergreen conical tree with smooth grey bark, leaves, to 2.5cm long, arranged in a V-shape on the shoots, and purplish blue cones, to 8cm long.  To 15m.  [RHSD, Hortus, Hilliers'].

Abies cephalonica Loud.

Fully-hardy, evergreen conical tree with spreading crown in old age, glossy leaves, to 3cm long, arranged radially around each shoot, and cylindrical, tapering, resinous green-brown cones, to 16cm long.  To 30m.  [RHSE, Hortus, Hilliers'].

Abies pindrow Royle

Beautiful large tree of slender, conical habit, leaves bright green, with two greyish-white bands beneath, the winter buds large and orange-brown.  [RHSD, Hortus, Hilliers'].

Abies pinsapo Boiss.

Fully-hardy, evergreen tree with a conical crown , becoming untidy with age, with grey-blue leaves, to 2cm long, arranged radially around the shoots, and cylindrical cones, to 15cm long, ripening to brown.  To 25m.  [RHSE, Hortus, Hilliers'].

Abies procera Rehd.

Fully-hardy, evergreen conical tree, becoming broad and columnar, with whorled branches when young, silvery bark, 2-ranked, bluish leaves, to 3.5cm long, and cylindrical green and brown cones, to 25cm long, on the upper branches.  To 45m.  [RHSE, Hortus, Hilliers'].

Abies religiosa Lindl.

Fully-hardy, evergreen tree with downward-sweeping stems, tapered and curved leaves, to 3.5cm long, reddish-brown when young, and cylindrical cones, to 15cm long, bluish when young.  To about 15m.  [RHSD, Hortus, Hilliers'].

Abies spectabilis (D.Don) Spach.

Half-hardy, variable, evergreen tree with stout, reddish-brown young shoots, dense, two-ranked leaves, to 6cm long, and cylindrical cones, to 18cm long, violet-purple when young.  To 45m.   [RHSD, Hortus, Hilliers'].

Agathis australis (D.Don) Loudon

Half-hardy, evergreen conical tree when young, becoming spreading with a massive trunk, with lance-shaped, leathery leaves, to 8cm long, and woody female cones, to 7cm long, with smaller male cones.  To 40m.  [RHSE, Hortus, Hilliers'].

Agathis robusta (C.Moore ex F.Muell.) Bail.

Frost-hardy, tall, straight tree with scaly bark, narrow, glossy leaves, to 10cm long, and ovoid female cones, to 12cm long.  To 50m.  [RHSD, Hortus].

Araucaria angustifolia (Bertol.) Kuntze

Frost-tender tree with somewhat descending branches, raised at the ends, spreading horizontally in whorls of up to 8, and with globose female cones to 16.5 cm. The lower branches tend to be lost early, the mature trees having tall, bare trunks topped with wide-spreading branches.  To 35m.  [RHSD, Hortus]. 

Araucaria araucana (Molina) K. Koch.

Fully-hardy evergreen conical tree with whorled branches, becoming rounded as it loses its lower branches on maturing, with persistent, radially arranged, pointed, leathery leaves, to 5cm long, and ovoid female cones, to 15cm long, which ripen over 2-3 years, and similarly sized, cylindrical male cones.  To 25m.  [RHSE, Hortus, Hilliers'].

Araucaria bidwillii Hook.

Frost-tender evergreen conical tree with whorled branches, becoming rounded as the lower branches are lost on maturing, flattened, spreading, lance-shaped leaves, to 5cm long, spirally arranged when young, to 3cm long, twisted and overlapping when mature, spherical female cones, to 27cm long, and smaller, cylindrical male cones.  To 45m.  [RHSE, Hortus, Blombery]. 

Araucaria columnaris (Forst.f.) Hook.

Frost-tender evergreen conical tree with whorled branches when young, becoming narrowly columnar as the lower branches are lost, to be replaced by short shoots on the main trunk. The female cones are ellipsoid, to 15cm long, the male cones smaller and circular.  To 50m.  [RHSE, Hortus].

Araucaria cunninghamii D.Don

Frost-tender evergreen conical or columnar tree with whorled branches with characteristic tufts of young shoots at the tips and sides, spirally-arranged, needle-like young leaves, crowded, overlapping mature leaves, and ovoid female cones, to 10cm long, with smaller, cylindrical male cones.  To 50m.  [RHSE, Hortus, FNSW].

Araucaria heterophylla (Salisb.) Franco

Half-hardy, evergreen conical tree with characteristic whorled branches of fan-like foliage, spherical female cones, to 10cm long, and smaller, cylindrical male cones.  To 45m.  [RHSE, Hortus].

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