Plants in the Hortus
Many of the plants described here were listed in the catalogues of plants published by Sir William Macarthur in 1843, 1845, 1850 and 1857 and in an unpublished catalogue dated 1861. A large number of additional plants were identified from correspondence, gardening notebooks and other documents surviving in the archives. The Hortus attempts to describe all the plants grown in the gardens at Camden Park and those grown in horticultural enterprises such as orchards and vineyards and includes plants grown outside the gardens in the park-like environs of the Camden Park estate. The Hortus plants served a wide range of purposes in the 19th century household; as ornament, living fences, fibre, dyestuffs, medicines, food and drink from the garden, orchard and vineyard and many others.
Fully hardy, fast-growing, upright, deciduous tree with pinnate leaves with light green leaflets, turning yellow in autumn. Male and female flowers are borne on separate trees. To 15m. [RHSE, Hortus, Hilliers'].
Fully hardy, vigorous, spreading, deciduous tree with large, broadly ovate, 3-5 lobed, dark green leaves, turning red or yellow in autumn. It bears small, but conspicuous, upright corymbs of yellow flowers. To 25m. [RHSE, Hilliers'].
Fully hardy, fast growing, spreading, rounded, deciduous tree with ovate, 5-lobed, dark green leaves. The pendant panicles of yellow-green flowers are followed by green or red winged fruits. To 30m. [RHSE, Hilliers'].
Fully hardy deciduous tree with a dense rounded crown and large, broadly ovate, mid-green, 3-5 lobed leaves which turn brilliant orange to red and yellow in autumn. To 40m. An economically important tree, it is tapped for its sap in spring, the source of maple sugar, and also produces the highly prized birds-eye maple timber for cabinet making. [RHSD, Hilliers'].
Large tree with deeply furrowed black bark and 3-lobed leaves. To 40m. [RHSD, Hortus]. Distinguished from the Sugar Maple, Acer saccharum Marsh which see, by the 5-lobed leaves of the latter.
Fully hardy herbaceous plant with small white flowers in dense, flat corymbs. There are many garden cultivars with rose, red or yellow flowers. To 90cm. Tendency to be invasive but easily controlled. [RHSE, Hortus].
Fully hardy herbaceous plant with pinnatifid leaves and large flower heads bearing corymbs of white flowers on long, sometimes branching stems. To 90cm. [RHSD, Hortus].
Unidentified species, but perhaps Achillea sibirica Ledeb. subsp. mongolica (Fisch. ex Spreng.) Heimerl, which see. This first appeared in the 1850 cataologue.
Frost-tender, long-stemmed, trailing, rhizomatous perennial, with leaves dark green above, often red-flushed beneath, and numerous solitary, long-tubed, bright red or rose-pink flowers from summer to autumn. To 45cm. [RHSE, GRA p.12].
For a description of the species see Achimenes erecta (Lam.) H.P.Fuchs. Achimenes rosea is a variety of Achimenes erecta which occurs naturally with with rich deep rose flowers. It is treated here as a naturally occurring variety rather than cultivar. See also Achimenes erecta ‘Superba’, A. erecta ‘Eximia' and A. erecta ‘Splendens’.
For a description of the species see Achimenes erecta (Lam.) H.P.Fuchs. A variety or cultivar with deep rosy lilac flowers, larger than the type [FC p.194/1847].
Probably a cultivar of Achimenes erecta (Lam.) H.P.Fuchs var. rosea, synonym Achimenes rosea Lindl. It is not listed in the Gesneriad Register-Achimenes and I have found no other reference to this plant.
‘Intermedia’ is probably a cross between Achimenes erecta (Lam.) H.P.Fuchs and its naturally occurring variety Achimenes erecta (Lam.) H.P.Fuchs. var. rosea. [GRA p.13]. See the individual entries for a description of the parents. Its name suggests that it is intermediate in appearance between them.
For a description of the species see Achimenes erecta (Lam.) H.P.Fuchs. Pyropaea suggests that this variety or cultivar had particularly brightly coloured red flowers.
Probably a cultivar of Achimenes erecta (Lam.) H.P.Fuchs var. rosea, synonym Achimenes rosea Lindl. it is not listed in the Gesneriad Register-Achimenes and I have found no other reference to this plant.